Targeting and Diffusion of Chickpea improved cultivars in Andhra Pradesh state of India

Suhasini, K and Kumara Charyulu, D and Devi, I S and Shyam, D M and Bantilan, C (2014) Targeting and Diffusion of Chickpea improved cultivars in Andhra Pradesh state of India. In: 8th International Conference, Viability of Small Farmers in Asia, 15-17th October 2014, Savar, Bangladesh.

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Chickpea accounts for about 45% of total pulses produced in India, which is the major chickpea producing country, contributing over 75% of world production. Andhra Pradesh is the fifth largest state in chickpea cultivation. In Andhra Pradesh, Kurnool and Prakasam districts were occupying the first and second positions in chickpea production. Tropical Legumes-II (TL-II) project was supported by BMGF and has been promoting chickpea improved cultivars in the state since 2007 improving farmer’s livelihood by enhancing chickpea productivity. For this Farmer Participatory Varietal Selection (FPVS) approach was followed. Further a strategic deepening and widening of technology outreach to farmers across all categories was designed by involving farmers in selection of varieties. This demonstrated the performance of improved cultivars over the check cultivars in the two targeted districts. Based on farmers’ preference, cultivars were identified, multiplied and distributed to them in small seed pockets. During the first phase of the project (2007-08 to 2010-11), 476 seed pockets were distributed freely in 119 villages of two districts. A real tracking survey was taken up to track these farmers and understand their perceptions on TL-II cultivars. The main objective of the present paper is to trace adoption of chickpea cultivars, drivers of diffusion and innovations in spread of chickpea technology and examine the sustainability. In the realtime survey 487 seed and non-seed beneficiary farmers was included using probability proportionate sampling. TL-II cultivars (JG 11, KAK 2, Vihar, JAKI 9218) have completely replaced the old cultivar (Annigeri). The Logit and Tobit estimation showed that availability of household labour, access to formal seed sources, price information and literacy increased adoption of improved cultivars. Subsidized seed hastened diffusion process. Seed beneficiaries perceived 40-60% yield enhancement through improved cultivars which led to a ‘Salient Chickpea Revolution’ in the state

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diffusion of chickpea improved cultivars, FPVS approach, TL-II project, Chickpea in AP
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Ishrath Durafsha
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 08:35
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2015 10:02
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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