Targeting and introduction of Chickpea improved cultivars in Barind region of Bangladesh (Tropical Legumes II Phase 2 Project)

Rashid, A and Hossain, S and Deb, U and Kumara Charyulu, D and Shyam, D M and Bantilan, C (2014) Targeting and introduction of Chickpea improved cultivars in Barind region of Bangladesh (Tropical Legumes II Phase 2 Project). In: 8th International Conference, Viability of Small Farmers in Asia, 15-17th October 2014, Savar, Bangladesh.

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On an average the household size of the sample farmers were 6 and dependency ratio were 2. Educational status of the sample farmers in terms of the number of years of education in the adopted villages of Rajshahi district had maximum years of schooling of 8 years followed by adopted farmers of ChapaiNawabgonj district of 6 years. Ninety six to ninety seven percent of the sample farmers of both adopted and control villages in both the district reported that agriculture as their main occupation. Overall data showed that majority percent of the sample farmers had two wheeler/bicycles and television sets indicates that use of this type of goods had increased which increases the cost of living. Average operational land holding of Rajshahi sample farmers were 1.40 ha cultivated in irrigated whereas it was 0.95 ha in ChapaiNawabgonj sample farmers. During rabi season, since all the respondents were chickpea growers by choice, the area under chickpea was 0.40 ha/hh followed by wheat, potato and mustard (0.12 ha/hh). On an average the area covered under chickpea was highest BARI Chola-5 (29.70 ha in adopted and 14.10 in control farmers) followed by BARI Chola-3, BARI Chola-9 and BINA Chola-4 in the study areas. Among the studied competitive crops, highest benefit cost ratio was calculated for chickpea (2.1 for adopted and 1.9 for control farmers) followed by mustard (1.9 for adopted and 1.8 for control farmers). The income from crops was a major source among farmers across districts. In both the districts farmers preferred BARI Chola-5 for high yield (Rank-1) followed by fit into existing cropping patterns (Rank-2) and disease resistance (Rank-3). The major constraints in the existing cultivars as expressed by the farmers that high diseases incidence (ranked-1) followed by high pod borer incidence (ranked-2) and long duration (ranked-3) for BARI Chola-5 in Rajshahi district. The gender wise ownership of the resources in the adopted and control areas showed that male members of the family had complete access (100%) to the ownership of different assets. The major activities performed by male (100%) in the adopted and control areas of both the districts. The study clearly indicates huge potential for chickpea in the targeted sites as they are highly competitive when compared with other post-rainy season crops grown. Chickpea yielded high net benefits per ha and high benefit-cost ratio than the others. So, the targeting of chickpea in rice-fallows increases not only the incomes but also enhances the sustainability of cropping systems. Ultimately, the viability of small and marginal farmers’ agriculture will be increased in South Asia.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chickpea, Food legumes, Crop diversification, Post-rainy season, Sustainability
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Ms. Ishrath Durafsha
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2014 08:33
Last Modified: 21 Oct 2015 10:04
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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