Pigeonpea Baseline and Early Adoption Surveys in South Asia, Insights from TL-II (Phase 1) Project in India.

Kumara Charyulu, D and Bantilan, C and Sunandini, G P and Deshmukh, R G and Sameer Kumar, C V and Marawar, M W and Rao, G D N and Rajalaxmi, A and Shyam, D M and Saxena, K B (2014) Pigeonpea Baseline and Early Adoption Surveys in South Asia, Insights from TL-II (Phase 1) Project in India. Documentation. ICRISAT, Patancheru.

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RP-Market Institutions and Policies

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Pigeonpea is an important pulse crop particularly in the semi-arid tropics of India contributing towards the nutritional security and also generates significant income to small and marginal farmers. Its share in India’s pulse production is around 16%. India is the largest pigeonpea producing country in the world accounting for nearly 67% of the total production. Being a major pigeonpea consumer in the world, India imports around 0.6 million tons of pigeonpea per year to meet the domestic needs from Africa, Nepal and Myanmar. Area and production of pigeonpea in India showed a steady growth until recently. However, the productivity in the country has stagnated between 700 and 800 kg ha-1. Recent initiatives like National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Accelerated Pulse Production Programme (A3P) and enhancement of minimum support price created more interest in pigeonpea growers in the country. Pigeonpea is one of the mandate crops of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and this premier international institute has been contributing significantly to the genetic improvement and crop management in India and Africa during the last four decades. The generous support received from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF) has provided ICRISAT an opportunity to work more intensively with its research and development partners to demonstrate the potential of new technologies to enhance the yields, raise the profitability and revive the interest of the farmers in pigeonpea crop in India and the strategy chosen is farmer participatory varietal selection (FPVS). This report synthesizes the efforts made under the Tropical Legumes-II Project during the short period of three years (2007-10) in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra for pigeonpea crop improvement in India. Overall, the FPVS results established that the new improved varieties outyielded the respective check varieties in the two states. The diffusion and adoption of these varieties increased significantly in the targeted districts. From the past lessons learnt, the report re-focuses on further efforts needed during the second phase of the project to achieve greater success and impact.

Item Type: Monograph (Documentation)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Series Name: Research Report No. 24
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr B K Murthy
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2014 08:11
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2017 10:46
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/8354
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