Vulnerability to Climate Change: Adaptation Strategies and Layers of Resilience – Quantifying Vulnerability to Climate Change in Thailand

Wannasai, N and Walaiporn, S and Pornparn, S and Chutima, K and Praphan, P and Benjamas, K and Ratchada, P and Dararat, M and Margaret C, Y and Kritsana, T and Chanaporn, K and Bantilan, M C S and Singh, N P (2013) Vulnerability to Climate Change: Adaptation Strategies and Layers of Resilience – Quantifying Vulnerability to Climate Change in Thailand. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

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RP-Market Institutions and Policies

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Abstract

This report was prepared as part of the ADB funded project “Vulnerability to Climate Change: Adaptation Strategies and Layers of Resilience”. The study tried to address the perception of farmers on changes in climate variables, trends in village level institutions and other socio-economic variables such as cropping pattern, natural resources, constraints in effective adaptation. Purposive stratified sampling techniques were adopted in selecting the study area and the households. Four villages from northeast region of Thailand (two villages from Chok Chai district and 2 villages from Chatturat district) were selected for this study. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected through farmer surveys, group discussions and key informant interviews. The villagers perceived a reduction in rainfall and increase in variability including onset of major rainy season. The villages have been experiencing increased incidence of drought resulting in yield loss, non- availability of water for irrigation, increased pest and diseases attack, and migration. Farmers perceived a minor increase in agriculture over the years; however, there is still a trend of diversification of livelihood among farmers from traditional agriculture to high-value crops and other non-agricultural sectors. Over the years, there have been slow but steady improvements in the human development indicators, village infrastructure and collective initiatives in all the study villages. Increased diversification in cropping pattern, improvement in market access, etc, are seen in these villages. The rural community in the study villages tries to cope with these changes by reducing expenses on food, working as agricultural or non-farm labor, leasing crop land, making changes in cropping pattern and in crop management strategies. The higher degree of impact of these climate-related risks is comparatively on landless and smallholder farmers than on medium and large farmers. They have identified a list of constraints that prevents them from succeeding in efficient adaptation such as lack of sufficient information on climate change and potential adaptation technologies, sufficient support programs, market and other livelihood options.

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Series Name: Research Report No. 13
Subjects: Others > Climate Change
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2014 04:37
Last Modified: 13 Jun 2014 04:37
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/8117
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