Contribution of Grain Legumes in Combating Food and Nutrition In-Security in Different Regions of the World

Gowda, C L L and Jukanti, A K and Gaur, P M (2014) Contribution of Grain Legumes in Combating Food and Nutrition In-Security in Different Regions of the World. In: The Basics of Human Civilization Food, Agriculture and Humanity (Food). PNASF, Bangalore, pp. 469-500.

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Abstract

Food security is a complex issue, linked to availability and access to food, malnutrition in the population, economic development, environment, and local and global trade. Malnutrition hinders healthy growth and proper development of the human immune system affecting neurological and cognitive development especially in children. Protein calorie malnutrition is a major nutritional problem in many developing countries. Considering the projected increase of world population to 9 billion by 2050, it is a huge challenge to meet the food and nutritional security of the growing world. Grain legumes are an important part of Afro-Asian diet and major providers of protein and calories in this region. Grain legumes are considered to be a good source of protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals and other compounds that have significant nutritional arid health-related benefits which would very effectively address both malnutrition and food insecurity problems. Under the climate change scenario, there is an urgent need to diversify the cropping pattern by promoting cultivation of grain legumes due to their adaptation to different regions and climates. Important legumes that form a part of our daily diet in various forms include peas, beans, lentils, chickpea, pigeonpea, soybean, and groundnut. In this chapter we have briefly highlighted the global trade and economics-related aspects; and nutritional composition of important food legumes.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
CRPS: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
Uncontrolled Keywords: Food security, malnutrition, grain legumes, nutritional composition, anti-nutritional factors (ANFs), import & export of legumes, production.
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > Food and Nutrition
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 21 May 2014 06:23
Last Modified: 21 May 2014 07:57
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/8032
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