Groundnut Baseline and Early-Adoption Surveys in South Asia: Insights from TL-II (Phase-1) Project: Synthesis Report 2013

Karunakaran, K R and Gracy, C P and Lokesha, H and Bantilan, M C S and Kumara Charyulu, D and Rao, P P and Nageswara Rao, G D and Vaithiyalingan, M and Nadaf, H L and Venkataramana, P and Upadhyaya, H D and Janila, P and Rao, K P C (2013) Groundnut Baseline and Early-Adoption Surveys in South Asia: Insights from TL-II (Phase-1) Project: Synthesis Report 2013. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh.

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RP-Grain Legumes
RP-Market Institutions and Policies

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Abstract

The production of groundnut and its cultivated areas in India showed a steady growth till the end of the twentieth century. Groundnut, however, lost its preeminence as the most important oilseed crop in the country during the last 13 years after the liberalization of edible oil imports. More recently the importance of groundnut is increasing for food uses. Despite a growth in productivity even during the last decade, the crop is losing areas in all the important growing states to more profitable crops. India is incurring a heavy import bill for the import of edible oils. India has relaunched a technology mission titled the ‘Integrated Scheme of Oilseeds, Pulses, Oil Palm and Maize’ development program to improve the productivity and production of oilseeds in the country and to reduce dependence on the imports of edible oil. Groundnut is one of the mandate crops of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT), and this premier international institute has been contributing its bit for genetic improvement, crop production and protection practices in India and Africa during the last four decades. The generous support received from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has provided ICRISAT an opportunity to work more intensively with its research and development partners to demonstrate the potential of new technologies to enhance the yields, raise the profitability and revive the interest of the farmers in groundnut crop in India and the strategy chosen is the Farmer Participatory Varietal Selection (FPVS). This report synthesizes the efforts made during the short period of three years (2007–10) in the states of Karnataka and Tamil Nadu for groundnut crop improvement in India. Overall, the FPVS results established that the new varieties out-yielded the respective check varieties in two states. Due to different constraints and lack of institutional support, the adoption of those cultivars was low in the targeted districts. From the past lessons learned, the report refocuses on the further efforts needed during the second phase of the project to achieve greater success and impact.

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Divisions: RP-Grain Legumes
RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Grain Legumes
CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets
Series Name: Research Report No. 20
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 05 May 2014 04:17
Last Modified: 05 May 2014 04:17
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/7932
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