Assessing the Effectiveness of Agricultural R&D for Groundnut, Pearl Millet, Pigeonpea, and Sorghum in West and Central Africa and Eastern and Southern Africa

Ndjeunga, J and Mausch, K (2013) Assessing the Effectiveness of Agricultural R&D for Groundnut, Pearl Millet, Pigeonpea, and Sorghum in West and Central Africa and Eastern and Southern Africa. In: Chapter 7 CABI-Forthcoming. CAB International, pp. 1-26. (In Press)

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Abstract

Arable land in Sub-Saharan Africa is often cultivated during seasonal rains in regions where the supply of rainfall exceeds the demand for rainfall for only two to seven months of the year. These rainfall supply and demand conditions define rain-fed agriculture in the Semi-Arid Tropics (SAT). In 1972, ICRISAT was established in India with a global mandate to increase agricultural production in the Semi-Arid Tropics thereby enhancing poor people’s welfare in these rainfall-unassured production environments. Technically, the SAT encompassed large areas of Australia, Latin America, and Asia, but the geographic focus at ICRISAT was always on peninsular India and Sub-Saharan Africa where most rural and urban poor lived. By 2020, the total population of people in Asia’s and Africa’s SAT is projected to be about 850 million comprised of a 70% share for Asia and a 30% share evenly split between West and Central and Eastern and Southern Africa (Walker, 2009). When ICRISAT was founded in 1972, the relative importance of the two continental populations was about 80% for Asia’s SAT and 20% for Africa’s SAT. The total SAT population in 1972 was only about 35% of the projected population in 2020....

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals
CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets
Uncontrolled Keywords: Agricultural R&D, Africa
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2014 06:18
Last Modified: 19 Oct 2016 09:02
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/7351
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