Factors affecting the choice of conservation agriculture practices adopted by smallholder cotton farmers in Zimbabwe

Mavunganidze, Z and Madakadze, J C and Mutenje, M J and Nyamangara, J (2013) Factors affecting the choice of conservation agriculture practices adopted by smallholder cotton farmers in Zimbabwe. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8 (17). pp. 1641-1649. ISSN 1991-637X

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Abstract

Conservation agriculture (CA) has been widely promoted in Zimbabwe as an antidote to non-viable agricultural production and continual land degradation. However, the adoption process had been quite slow and has not yet entered into the exponential uptake phase. This study aimed at identifying factors that influence the level of adoption of CA components. A cluster analysis from results of a household survey administered to 146 households in Muzvezve II, Kadoma District, Zimbabwe identified five dominant CA strategies (clusters) practiced by cotton growing farmers. A multinomial logit model revealed that the choice of CA components adopted is positively influenced by farmer’s age, formal education, access to extension services, labour, animal draught power availability and land size. The empirical results suggests that, to promote adoption of a complete package of CA policies that increase access to formal education and extension of CA should make strategic intervention through innovative methods of farmer to farmer extension services. Promotion of longer-term and effective CA can only be accomplished through targeting young educated farmers. It is of paramount importance as well to address the main factors leading to non-adoption and slow adoption such as labour and animal draught power availability.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cluster analysis, household survey, non adoption, strategic intervention, multinomial logit.
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2014 05:03
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2014 05:03
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/7322
Official URL: http://www.academicjournals.org/journal/AJAR/artic...
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: South Africa and International Foundation of Science (IFS)-National Research Foundation (NRF), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Acknowledgement: This study was funded by the National Research Foundation (NRF) of South Africa and International Foundation of Science (IFS), Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), through Union Project in Zimbabwe
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