SRI-A Method for Sustainable Intensification of Rice Production with Enhanced Water Productivity

Mahender Kumar, M and Raghuveer rao, P and Somasekhar, N and Surekha, K and Padmavathi, Ch and Srinivas Prasad, M and Ravindra Babu, V and Subba Rao, L V and Latha, P C and Sreedevi, B and Ravichandran, S and Ramprasad, A S and Muthuraman, P and Gopalakrishnan, S and Vinod Goud, V and Viraktamath, B C (2013) SRI-A Method for Sustainable Intensification of Rice Production with Enhanced Water Productivity. Agrotechnology. pp. 1-7. ISSN 2168-9881

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Abstract

Climate change induced higher temperatures will increase crops’ water requirements. Every 10°C increase in mean temperature, results in 7% decline in the yield of rice crop. Hence, there is a need to develop water saving technologies in rice which consumes more than 50% of the total irrigation water in agriculture. System of Rice Intensification (SRI) is one such water saving rice production technology. Experiments were conducted at different locations in India including research farm of Directorate of Rice Research (DRR), Hyderabad, during 2005-10 to assess the potential of SRI in comparison to normal transplanting/Standard Planting (NTP/SP) under flooded condition. SRI recorded higher grain yield (6 to 65% over NTP) at majority of locations. Long term studies clearly indicated that grain yield was significantly higher (12-23% and 4-35% over NTP in Kharif and Rabi seasons, respectively) in SRI (with organic+inorganic fertilizers) while the SRI (with100% organic manures), recorded higher yield (4-34%) over NTP only in the Rabi seasons. Even though, SRI resulted in higher productivity, the available nutrient status in soil was marginally higher (10, 42 and 13% over NTP for N, P and K, respectively) at the end of four seasons. There was a reduction in the incidence of pests in SRI and the relative abundance of plant parasitic nematodes was low in SRI as compared to the NTP. About 31% and 37% saving in irrigation water was observed during Kharif and Rabi seasons, respectively in both methods of SRI cultivation over NTP. SRI performed well and consistently reduced requirement of inputs such as seed and water in different soil conditions. SRI method, using less water for rice production can help in overcoming water shortage in future and it can also make water available for growing other crops thus promoting crop diversification

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: System of Rice Intensification (SRI); Methods of rice cultivation; Water saving; Nutrient use efficiency
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2013 03:21
Last Modified: 08 Jan 2014 11:27
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/7156
Official URL:
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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