Integrated Plant Genetic and Balanced Nutrient Management Enhances Crop and Water Productivity of Rainfed Production Systems in Rajasthan, India

Chander, G and Wani, S P and Sahrawat, K L and Pal, C K and Mathur, T P (2013) Integrated Plant Genetic and Balanced Nutrient Management Enhances Crop and Water Productivity of Rainfed Production Systems in Rajasthan, India. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis. pp. 1-18. ISSN 0010-3624

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Abstract

Analysis of soils from 421 farmers' fields in eastern districts of Rajasthan, India revealed widespread deficiencies of sulfur (S; 43 to 87% fields deficient), boron (B; 25 to 100%), zinc (Zn; 0 to 94%) in addition to phosphorus (P; 10 to 73%) and soil organic carbon (1 to 84%). Integrated approach of application of deficient sulphur, boron and zinc along with nitrogen and phosphorus to high yielding crop cultivars increased yield over farmers' practice of nitrogen and phosphorus application to local cultivars by 92 to 204% in maize, 115 to 167% in pearl millet and 150% in groundnut. Benefit to cost ratio of the integrated strategy varied from 3.33 to 8.03 in maize, 2.92 to 3.40 in pearl millet and 1.15 in groundnut. Integrated approach effectively utilized scarce water in food production and increased rainwater use efficiency at 67 to 145 kg mm−1 ha−1 from 21 to 50 kg mm−1 ha−1 under farmers' practice.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crop yields, high yielding crop cultivars, micronutrients, sulphur, water productivity
Subjects: Others > Watershed Management
Others > Food and Nutrition
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2013 12:15
Last Modified: 08 Oct 2013 12:15
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/7155
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00103624.2013.847450
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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