Bioeconomic modeling of farm household decisions for ex-ante impact assessment of integrated watershed development programs in semi-arid India

Nedumaran, S and Shiferaw, B and Bantilan, M C S and Palanisami, K and Wani, S P (2014) Bioeconomic modeling of farm household decisions for ex-ante impact assessment of integrated watershed development programs in semi-arid India. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 16 (2). pp. 257-286. ISSN 1573-2975

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The increasing population and urbanization have serious implications for sustainable development in less-favoured areas of developing countries. In an attempt to sustain the long-term productivity of natural resources and to meet the food and non-food demands of growing population in the semi-arid tropics, the Indian government invests and promotes integrated watershed development programs. A comprehensive tool to assess the impacts of watershed development programs on both social well-being and sustainability of natural resource is currently lacking. In this study, we develop a watershed level bioeconomic model to assess the ex-ante impacts of key technological and policy interventions on the socioeconomic well-being of rural households and the natural resource base. These interventions are simulated using data from a watershed community in the semi-arid tropics of India. The model captures the interaction between economic decisions and biophysical processes and using a constrained optimization of household decision model. The interventions assessed are productivity-enhancing technologies of dryland crops and increased in irrigable area through water conservation technologies. The results show that productivity-enhancing technologies of dryland crops increase household incomes and also provided incentives for conserving soil moisture and fertility. The increase in irrigable area enables cultivation of high-value crops which increase the household income but also lead to an increase in soil erosion and nutrient mining. The results clearly indicate the necessity for prioritizing and sequencing technologies based on potential effects and trade-offs on household income and conservation of natural resources.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: RP-Market Institutions and Policies
RP-Resilient Dryland Systems
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Cereals
CGIAR Research Program on Policies, Institutions, and Markets (PIM)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Impact assessment, Bioeconomic model, Watershed development program, Sustainability, Productivity-enhancing technologies
Subjects: Others > Watershed Management
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 16 Jul 2013 03:41
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2016 04:31
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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