Utilization Pattern, Demand and Supply of Pearl Millet Grain and Fodder in Western India. Working Paper Series No. 37

Reddy, A A and Yadav, O P and Malik, D P and Singh, I P and Ardeshna, N J and Kundu, K K and Gupta, S K and Sharma, R and Sawargaonkar, G L and Shyam, D M and Reddy, K S (2013) Utilization Pattern, Demand and Supply of Pearl Millet Grain and Fodder in Western India. Working Paper Series No. 37. Working Paper. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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Abstract

This paper gives an estimate of the demand and supply of pearl millet grain and fodder for the year 2011 and 2020 in western India comprising (Rajasthan, Gujarat and Haryana). The projected pearl millet grain and stover production for 2020 was based on historical growth rates in production from 1996-2009. On the demand side, food demand was projected based on population projections for 2020 by maintaining 2004/05 per capita consumption based on NSSO 61st round. The demand for alternative uses of grain (alcohol industry) was projected based on a field survey conducted during 2011. The demand for feed and stover was based on the livestock census 2007 and feed ration from Dikshit and Birthal (2010) and projected growth rates of livestock population. Overall in 2011, in western India 46% of production of pearl millet grain goes for food use, 37.5% for cattle feed, 7.7% for poultry feed, 8.8% for alcohol industry production and only a small fraction, 0.4%, is used for seed purpose. The relative share of different uses of grain by 2020 indicated that the share of cattle feed will increase to 38.6%, share of poultry feed will increase to 9.4%, alcohol industry and other non-food uses will be increased to 11.7%, while food uses will decrease to 40%. Even though currently there is shortage of pearl millet grain production in western India, which is indicated by higher prices, by 2020 the region will become surplus to the extent of 5% if it maintains the production growth trend of the recent past, which is very high (4.22% per annum). However, Gujarat state will continue to be deficient in grain even by 2020. Dry fodder will, however, continue to be in short supply and the paper projects a deficit of 10% by 2020.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2013 11:20
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2016 09:28
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6694
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