A paradigm shift towards low-nitrifying production systems: the role of biological nitrification inhibition (BNI)

Subbarao, G V and Sahrawat, K L and Nakahara, K and Rao, I M and Ishitani, M and Hash, C T and Kishii, M and Bonnett, D G and Berry, W L and Lata, J C (2013) A paradigm shift towards low-nitrifying production systems: the role of biological nitrification inhibition (BNI). Annals of Botany, 112 (2). pp. 297-316. ISSN 0305-7364

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Abstract

Agriculture is the single largest geo-engineering initiative that humans have initiated on planet Earth, largely through the introduction of unprecedented amounts of reactive nitrogen (N) into ecosystems. A major portion of this reactive N applied as fertilizer leaks into the environment in massive amounts, with cascading negative effects on ecosystem health and function. Natural ecosystems utilize many of the multiple pathways in the N cycle to regulate N flow. In contrast, the massive amounts of N currently applied to agricultural systems cycle primarily through the nitrification pathway, a single inefficient route that channels much of this reactive N into the environment. This is largely due to the rapid nitrifying soil environment of present-day agricultural systems...

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: AMO, ammonia mono-oxygenase, biological nitrification inhibition, BNI, BNI capacity, brachialactone, fatty acids, HAO, hydroxylamine oxidoreductase, high-nitrifying production systems, low-nitrifying production systems, nitrification, Nitrosomonas, nitrate leaching, synthetic nitrification inhibitors, nitrous oxide emissions, sustainability
Subjects: Others > Soil Science
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2013 06:36
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2016 08:24
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6666
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aob/mcs230
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: Government of Japan- Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Japan International Research Center for Agricultural Sciences, Government of Colombia-Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, Government of Germany-Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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