An overview of male-sterility systems in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]

Dalvi, V A and Saxena, K B and Luo, R H and Li, Y R (2010) An overview of male-sterility systems in pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.]. Euphytica, 173 (3). pp. 397-407. ISSN 0014-2336

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For commercial development of hybrids the four pre-requisites are; availability of perfect male-sterility system, efficient mass pollen transfer mechanism, hybrid vigor, and the large scale seed production of hybrids for commercialization. The type of male-sterility governs the acceptance of hybrids by farmers. Genetic male-sterility (GMS) system was not accepted by farmers due to the economics of large scale seed production. The major drawback was rouging of fertile counterpart from the female plot, which was time consuming and labor intensive. Cytoplasmic-genic male-sterility (CMS) system usually was a better option for large scale seed production. Hybrid vigor has been utilized in some cereal and vegetable crops. Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) displays considerable natural out-crossing and now CMS lines are available with different cytoplasmic backgrounds. This mini-review reports the research on development of CMS lines and CMS-based hybrids in pigeonpea

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cajanus cajan; Male-sterility systems; Pigeonpea
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 10 Jan 2013 06:14
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2018 17:57
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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