Reproductive biology of chickpea response to heat stress in the field is associated with the performance in controlled environments

Devasirvatham, V and Gaur, P M and Mallikarjuna, N and Raju, T N and Trethowana, R M and Tan, D K Y (2013) Reproductive biology of chickpea response to heat stress in the field is associated with the performance in controlled environments. Field Crops Research, 149. pp. 9-19. ISSN 0378-4290

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Abstract

High temperature during reproduction is a major factor limiting the yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Observations in the field from late season experiments (February–May) and various high temperature regimes generated in controlled environments showed clear genetic variation in male reproductive tissue (anther and pollen), its function (pollen germination and tube growth) and pod set. Greater pod setting ability of heat tolerant genotypes (ICC 1205 and ICC 15614) compared to heat sensitive genotypes (ICC 4567 and ICC 10685) was observed in both the field and controlled conditions. Both anthers and pollen showed more structural abnormalities under stress such as changes in anther locule number, anther epidermis wall thickening and pollen sterility, rather than function (e.g. in vivo pollen tube growth). The critical temperature for pod set was ≥37 °C in heat tolerant genotypes (ICC 1205 and ICC 15614) and ≥33 °C for heat sensitive genotypes (ICC 4567 and ICC 10685). Overall, pod set showed greater sensitivity in the controlled environments where a 67% reduction was observed at ≥34/19 °C compared to the control (27/16 °C). In the field, a pod set reduction of more than 50% occurred at high ambient day temperature (36 °C) and the stigma was still receptive at 40.2/25.5 °C. In contrast, under controlled conditions the stigma was still receptive at 35/20 °C in four genotypes. Clearly, chickpea pollen grains are more sensitive to high temperature than the stigma in both the field and controlled environments. Among the four genotypes tested, ICC 1205 was the most heat tolerant and ICC 4567 was the most heat sensitive.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anther; Heat tolerance; Pollen viability; Pollen germination; Pollen tube growth; Pod set
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 31 Dec 2012 04:24
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2013 07:54
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6360
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2012.11.011
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: Grains Research and Development Corporation of Australia, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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