Silent Chickpea Revolution in Non-Traditional Areas - Some Evidences from Andhra Pradesh

Joshi, P K and Asokan, M and Bantilan, M C S (1999) Silent Chickpea Revolution in Non-Traditional Areas - Some Evidences from Andhra Pradesh. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 54 (4). pp. 533-544.

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Traditionally, chickpea was not a prominent pulse crop in the hot and dry climate regions. However, this region now contributes more than 70 per cent of the total chickpea production in India, and shows enormous potential for further expansion. The typical characteristics of hot and dry climate pose a major production constraint caused due to severe drought and heat. In addition, the principal biotic constraints, which limit chickpea production in this environment are wilt and root rots among major diseases; and pod borer and leaf minor among insects (Ali et aI., 1997). Although the status and intensity of abiotic and biotic constraints over the years have remained unchanged, chickpea area in this non-traditional region has substantially increased since 1990. A swift change of chickpea area in hot and dry climate has raised a logical question on its sources of area expansion, and reasons thereof. The present study is an attempt to unravel this riddle with the following specific objectives: (i) to assess the growth performance of chickpea area, production and yield in hot and dry climate regions, (ii) determine the sources of chickpea area expansion, and (iii) examine the role of policy and technology (improved varieties) on area shift in favour of chickpea. The study postulated two hypotheses: (i) rabi fallow and marginal lands released substantial area for chickpea: cultivation, and (ii) availability of improved technology (e.g., new varieties) facilitated area expansi'on of chickpea.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2012 09:51
Last Modified: 08 May 2014 05:34
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Acknowledgement: This paper is a part of the ICRISA T' s global research project on 'Research Evaluation and Impact Assessment'. The authors are grateful to David D. Rorhbach for providing useful comments on earlier draft, to S.C. Sethi for giving information related to research and development on chickpea, and to P.S.S. Raju, Ch. Vijay Kumar and K.V. Anupama for analysis. The authors are grateful to the referee for giving useful comments to improve the paper.
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