Plant growth-promoting traits of Streptomyces with biocontrol potential isolated from herbal vermicompost

Gopalakrishnan, S and Humayun, P and Vadlamudi, S and Vijayabharathi, R and Bhimineni, R K and Rupela, Om (2012) Plant growth-promoting traits of Streptomyces with biocontrol potential isolated from herbal vermicompost. Biocontrol Science and Technology, 22 (10). pp. 1199-1210. ISSN 1360-0478

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Abstract

Three strains of Streptomyces (CAI-21, CAI-26 and MMA-32) were earlier reported by us as having potential for biocontrol of charcoal rot of sorghum, caused by Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid., and plant growth promotion (PGP) of the plant. In the present investigation, the three Streptomyces were characterised for their physiological traits (tolerance of salinity, temperature, pH and resistance to antibiotics) and further evaluated in the field for their PGP of rice, grown by a system of rice intensification methods. All three Streptomyces were able to grow in NaCl concentrations of up to 12% (except MMA-32), at pH values between 5 and 13 and temperatures between 20 and 40°C. They were highly resistant to ampicillin and trimethoprim (>800 ppm), sensitive to chloramphenicol, kanamycin and nalidixic acid (50–100 ppm) and highly sensitive to streptomycin and tetracycline (5–25 ppm). When evaluated for their PGP activity on seedlings of rice, % germination and shoot and root lengths were significantly enhanced over the control. In the field, the Streptomyces strains significantly enhanced the panicle length, filled grain numbers and weight, panicle weight, 1000 seed weight, tiller numbers, total dry matter, root length (39–65%), root volume (13–30%), root dry weight (16–24%), grain yield (9–11%) and stover yield (11–22%) over the control. In the rhizosphere soil (0–15 cm from root) at harvest, the population of actinomycetes was significantly enhanced as was microbial biomass carbon (27–83%) and nitrogen (24–43%), dehydrogenase activity (34–152%), available P (13–34%) and N (30–53%) and % organic carbon (26–28%). This study further confirms that the selected Streptomyces have PGP properties.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: actinomycetes, field evaluation, rice, plant growth promotion, Streptomyces
Subjects: Others > Soil Science
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Fertilizer Appications
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2012 12:30
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2012 12:43
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6147
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09583157.2012.719151
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: Government of India - Department of Biotechnology , Government of India - National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms
Acknowledgement: The authors thank the Department of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science and Technology, Government of India and the National Bureau of Agriculturally Important Microorganisms for providing financial support. The authors also thank all the staff of the biocontrol unit of ICRISAT including M/s PVS Prasad, P Manohar, B Nagappa, D Barath, A Jabbar. K Deepthi and S Rohini for their significant inputs in the laboratory and field studies
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