Impact of Genomic Technologies on Chickpea Breeding Strategies

Gaur, P M and Jukanti, A.K. and Varshney, R K (2012) Impact of Genomic Technologies on Chickpea Breeding Strategies. Agronomy, 2. pp. 199-221. ISSN 2073-4395

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Abstract

The major abiotic and biotic stresses that adversely affect yield of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) include drought, heat, fusarium wilt, ascochyta blight and pod borer. Excellent progress has been made in developing short-duration varieties with high resistance to fusarium wilt. The early maturity helps in escaping terminal drought and heat stresses and the adaptation of chickpea to short-season environments. Ascochyta blight continues to be a major challenge to chickpea productivity in areas where chickpea is exposed to cool and wet conditions. Limited variability for pod borer resistance has been a major bottleneck in the development of pod borer resistant cultivars. The use of genomics technologies in chickpea breeding programs has been limited, since available genomic resources were not adequate and limited polymorphism was observed in the cultivated chickpea for the available molecular markers. Remarkable progress has been made in the development of genetic and genomic resources in recent years and integration of genomic technologies in chickpea breeding has now started. Marker-assisted breeding is currently being used for improving drought tolerance and combining resistance to diseases. The integration of genomic technologies is expected to improve the precision and efficiency of chickpea breeding in the development of improved cultivars with enhanced resistance to abiotic and biotic stresses, better adaptation to existing and evolving agro-ecologies and traits preferred by farmers, industries and consumers.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: chickpea; genomics; molecular markers; marker assisted-selection; marker-assisted breeding
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2012 08:38
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2012 08:38
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6097
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/agronomy2030199
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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