Opportunities for Chickpea Production in Rainfed Rice Fallows of India. Baseline Survey Report

Pande, S and Sharma, M and Ghosh, R and Rao, S K and Sharma, R N and Jha, A K (2012) Opportunities for Chickpea Production in Rainfed Rice Fallows of India. Baseline Survey Report. Project Report. International Crops Research Institute for Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh India.

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The authors are thankful to the National Food Security Mission (NFSM), Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC), Ministry of Agriculture, Govt. of India for providing funding support for the research and development reported in this report. We acknowledge the timely contribution and support of the state agricultural universities; Jawaharlal Nehru Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (JNKVV), Jabalpur and Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya (IGKV), Raipur in facilitating the introduction and expansion of chickpea in rainfed rice fallow lands of farmer’s fields. The cooperation of all the participating farmers in conducting the on-farm demonstrations is gratefully acknowledged. We thank all the research associates appointed in the target districts for their support and help in conducting the studies and collecting the relevant data sets. The help provided by Mr D Rangaswamy Reddy for coordinating the production process is acknowledged. Finally, we thank the ICRISAT Management for the support provided in publishing this report and Dr RP Thakur for his critical review and useful suggestions.

Abstract

The study explored opportunities and constraints of chickpea production by introducing it as a second crop in rainfed rice-fallow lands (RRFL) of Madhya Pradesh and Chattisgarh states of India. About 12 million ha of rainfed rice lands in India remains uncultivated in the postrainy season (rabi), of which 40% lies in Madhya Pradesh and Chhattisgarh. The RRFL offers significant opportunities for the intensification of agricultural production in these states. Chickpea is one of the important pulses that can be successfully grown in RRFL on residual moisture, and can escape terminal drought. It provides sufficient scope for augmenting employment opportunities and income of the farming community. Inadequate irrigation facilities coupled with low residual soil moisture is the main limiting factor to utilization of RRFL for crop production in rabi. Drought alone may reduce crop yield by 50%. A quantum jump in productivity can be achieved by applying life-saving irrigation especially in rabi pulses grown on residual moisture. Extraction and use of ground and surface water for irrigation is difficult and costly. Private investment in irrigation has its limitations because most of the farmers are resource-poor and practice subsistence farming. The creation of public irrigation infrastructure also requires huge investment and social cost. The lack of basic infrastructure to promote agriculture is another important constraint. Value addition in agriculture is low due to lack of primary agro-processing facilities and agricultural markets in the villages. Agricultural markets are generally far from the villages. The average distance of the markets from the selected villages varied from 10 to 27 km in Chhattisgarh and 10 to 24 km in Madhya Pradesh. The price of chickpea is another important determinant. About 85 to 98% of the farmers cited the low price of chickpea as an important reason for their reluctance to cultivate the crop. Farmers often are constrained to take any price that is being offered to them because they lack sufficient surplus to influence the market. Moreover, the prices in the local markets keep fluctuating and even remain below the statuary prices due to lack of marketing facilities, such as procurement by the Government agencies, cooperatives etc. Low demand in the local markets is another important reason for the low adoption of chickpea or other rabi pulses for production in RRFL. It exists due to the difference between the consumption and production preferences for the pulses in the selected regions. Other pulses are often grown due to the low opportunity costs of the fallow lands...

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2012 11:38
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2012 11:38
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6070
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