Consortium Approach for Capacity Building in Watershed Management in Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand: Experiences and Learning.Resilient Dryland Systems Report no. 56.

Wani, S P and Sharma, R and Rath, B and Anantha, K H and Basu, K and Reddy, V K (2012) Consortium Approach for Capacity Building in Watershed Management in Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand: Experiences and Learning.Resilient Dryland Systems Report no. 56. Project Report. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh India.

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Abstract

The Comprehensive Assessment (CA) of watershed programs in India undertaken by the ICRISATled consortium showed that large scope exists to improve the impact for 66% of the watershed projects by addressing the issues of productivity enhancement, technical back stopping, collective action, improving community participation, diversification of systems and targeted income-generating activities for women and landless sections of the community. The CA also identified poor capacity building as the weakest link for achieving the impact as well as for scaling-up the benefits from the exemplar watersheds in the country. Participatory management of natural resources in the watersheds was adopted as the best approach for sustainable management of natural resources in the rain-fed regions by adopting consortium approach. The consortium approach for integrated watershed management involved holistic farming systems approach and called for convergence of interventions from different sectors like livestock, poultry, markets, monitoring and evaluation, policies, institutions, finances, in addition to agricultural production. The common Watershed Guidelines of 2008 released by the Government of India have clearly emphasized strong efforts for capacity building through a new framework by adopting principles of convergence and participatory collective action. The Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India in partnership with German International Cooperation (GIZ), International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and National Institute of Agricultural Extension Management (MANAGE) developed a national consortium for capacity building for decentralized watershed management and piloted capacity building for decentralized watershed management through consortium approach in three states in India viz., Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand. The results and the learning from the pilot states showed that convergence of various departments could be addressed through buy-in and timely interventions from the top officials of the concerned departments. The champions at state level played an important role for establishing the consortium as well as ensuring proper functioning of the consortium for capacity building of the integrated watershed management program (IWMP). It also showed that support from the national nodal agency/departments is expected by the states in forming of guidelines as well as technical support through the national consortium. Earlier experiences of the state department working with externally funded projects by agencies like World Bank etc., sensitized the departments and were more willing to accept new innovative approaches. The Department of Land Resources (DoLR) which is a nodal agency for implementation of IWMP in the country need to take a lead role for developing the national level capacity building strategy for enhancing the impact of the IWMP through forming national support group for providing handholding support to the states to operationalize the national capacity building strategy.

Item Type: Monograph (Project Report)
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CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: We acknowledge all the concerned staff of the three pilot states viz., Karnataka, Rajasthan and Uttarakhand and Watershed Departments as well as all the consortium partners in the three pilot states. We gratefully acknowledge financial support from German International Cooperation (GIZ). We thank all the DoA officials who contributed to this consortium approach and particularly Mr EK Majhi, Joint Secretary, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture for his guidance and support. We also thank Dr Savita Anand, Joint Secretary (WM), Department of Land Resources, Ministry of Rural Development, who attended the workshop and also provided in-depth analysis and valuable suggestions along with Dr CP Reddy, Mr VM Arora, Ms Arti Chaudhary for discussing the national strategy. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of ICRISAT or GIZ or GoI or MANAGE. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this publication do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of ICRISAT or GIZ or GoI or MANAGE concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. Where trade names are used, this does not constitute endorsement of or discrimination against any product by ICRISAT or GIZ or GoI or MANAGE.
Subjects: Others > Watershed management
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 06 Aug 2012 11:27
Last Modified: 06 Aug 2012 11:27
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/6069
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