Cold tolerance during early reproductive growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): genetic variation in gamete development and function

Srinivasan, A and Saxena, N P and Johansen, C (1999) Cold tolerance during early reproductive growth of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.): genetic variation in gamete development and function. Field Crops Research, 60 (3). pp. 209-222. ISSN 0378-4290

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Chilling temperatures at flowering cause floral abortion in most chickpea cultivars. Recent evaluations of germplasm showed distinct genotypic differences in pod and seed set at low temperature but the morpho-physiological basis for such variation is unclear. Observations in the field during cold spells of December and January, and at 15/5°C and 15/0°C (day/night) regimes in growth rooms showed distinct geneticvariation in flower morphology, gametedevelopment (viability and size of pollen and ovules) and function (pollen germination and tube growth, ovule viability and fertilization, etc.). The greater pod-setting ability of tolerant lines (ICCVs 88502 and 88503) than the sensitive cultivars (Annigeri, Pant G 114, etc.) was associated with a higher pollen vigour (germination and tube growth) and ovule viability at low temperature in the former. The number of ovules was not affected by cold stress in all cultivars/lines but pollen size and viability were reduced in Annigeri. The reduced ovule fertilization, associated with decline in pollen tube growth and ovule viability, was the major cause for poor seed set at low temperatures. The magnitude of effects on gametefunction varied with cultivar/line and severity of stress. Function of both pollen and ovules was adversely affected in Annigeri in 15/5° and 15/0°C regimes. In contrast, the reduction in pollen vigour was more than in ovule viability in ICCV 88510 and Pant G 114 at 15/5°C. At 15/0°C, however, both pollen vigour and ovule viability were reduced. A small increase in pod set of sensitive genotypes from manual pollinations with pollen from plants in the warm regime further suggested that pollen function was more adversely affected than pistil function at moderately low temperatures

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chickpea (Cicerarietinum L.); Coldtolerance; Gametedevelopment; Pollen; Ovules; Pod set
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 12 Jun 2012 05:28
Last Modified: 12 Jun 2012 05:28
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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