Evaluation of A1, A2, A3, A4(M), A4(G) and A4(VZM) cytoplasms in iso-nuclear backgrounds for grain mold resistance

Sanjana Reddy, P and Manohar Rao, D and Reddy, B V S and Ashok Kumar, A and Thakur, R P and Rao, V P (2011) Evaluation of A1, A2, A3, A4(M), A4(G) and A4(VZM) cytoplasms in iso-nuclear backgrounds for grain mold resistance. Crop Protection, 30 (6). pp. 658-662.

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Breeding for resistance to grain mold, an economically important disease of sorghum, has been only partially successful. Hybrid technology is well developed in sorghum due to availability of the cytoplasm male sterility (CMS) system and at present almost all commercial hybrids are based on the A1 CMS system. To compare the available alternate CMS systems for grain mold resistance, 72 hybrids were produced by crossing 36 A-lines (six CMS systems; A1, A2, A3, A4(M), A4(G), A4(VZM) each in six nuclear backgrounds) with two common restorers, and were evaluated during the 2006 and 2007 rainy seasons in grain mold nursery at ICRISAT. Data analyses indicated influence of cytoplasm on the responses of hybrids to grain mold infection as measured by panicle grain mold resistance (PGMR) score. The A1 cytoplasm seemed to contribute to grain mold resistance followed by A4(VZM) and A2 cytoplasms. The A4(M) cytoplasm had superior general combining ability (GCA) effects while the A1 and A4(VZM) cytoplasm based hybrids had superior specific combining ability (SCA) effects on the PGMR score. Almost all hybrids had significant mid-parent heterosis. The A1 cytoplasm is the best suited for the development of sorghum hybrids for the rainy season adaptation with grain mold resistance. However, use of alternate cytoplasms (A2 and A4(VZM)) for hybrid development will not increase susceptibility to grain mold in commercial grain production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sorghum; Grain mold; Cytoplasm; Hybrid; GCA; SCA
Agro Tags: <b>Agrotags</b> - fungi | cytoplasm | grain | hybrids | sorghum | seasons | wet season | genetics | heterosis | developmental stages <br><b>Fishtags</b> - NOT-AVAILABLE<br><b>Geopoliticaltags</b> - india | maine | andhra pradesh | usa | miranda | texas
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 31 May 2011 06:09
Last Modified: 10 Jun 2011 09:15
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/56
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2011.02.016
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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