Global trends in production and trade of major grain legumes

Gowda, C L L and Rao, P P and Bhagavatula, S (2009) Global trends in production and trade of major grain legumes. In: International Conference on Grain Legumes: Quality Improvemen , Value Addition and Trade, 14-16 Feb 2009, Kanpur, India.

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Abstract

Production trends in grain legumes — pulses, groundnuts and soybean — have followed an increasing trend with the global production doubling from 148 million tons in 1980-82 to 3 10 million tons in 2004-06. The increase was led by increases in soybean production which increased from 87 million tons to 214 million tons due to an increase in the demand for protein meals and oils from the EU and the US feed sectors and the appearance of new producers like India, China, Argentina and Brazil. Consequently, the share of developing countries in global grain legume production has increased from 55% in 1980-82 to 65% in 2004-06. Growth in the global production of pulses has been the slowest among the grain legumes, growing at 1.05% per annum between 980 to 2006. The emergence of countries such as Canada and Australia, the area expansion under pulses in Africa, and the export oriented production of the South East Asian countries have contributed to the increase in the global pulse production. The largest pulse producers are still the developing countries and their share of the global pulse production is largely unchanged at around 70%. However, yield levels and yield growth rates are considerably higher in the developed countries. Grain legumes are traded in different forms such as kernels/seeds, cakes and meals, and oils. Trade in seeds/kernels of grain legumes has increased with nearly 20% of production quantities being traded in 2000-05. However, this figure masks the contrary trends in the trade patterns of individual legumes and between regions. Among the legumes, exports in soybean have increased with 31% of soybean being traded, owing to increased demand from the feed sector, with Argentina, Brazil and Paraguay emerging as major exporters. In this paper, an analysis has been made on the global and regional production, yield trends, global trade and price trends of grain legumes

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Others > Food legumes
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 19 Jan 2012 14:07
Last Modified: 19 Jan 2012 14:08
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/5350
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