Innovative seed systems and seed delivery models for food-feed-fodder security in semi-arid tropics of Andhra Pradesh

Ravinder Reddy, Ch and Tonapi, V A and Prasad, V L and Bezkorowajnyj, P (2006) Innovative seed systems and seed delivery models for food-feed-fodder security in semi-arid tropics of Andhra Pradesh. In: XII National Seed Seminar on "Prosperity Through Quality Seed, 24th - 26th February, 2006, ANGRAU, Hyderabad, India.

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Seed is the most important input component for productive agriculture. A well-functioning seed system is defined as one that uses the appropriate combination of formal, informal, market and non-market channels to efficiently meet farmers' demand for quality seeds. The fact that a bulk of rural livelihoods arc drawn from crop-livestock sector and that crop residues are the main stay for animal feeding reflect the importance of crop agriculture not only from food pi oduciion point of view but poverty reduction as well. A majority of livestock kept by rural households is well integrated into the prevailing crop systems.In low rainfall dry land agriculture areas, food feed cereal, millet and legume crops are the main sources of income and food for farmers besides fodder for their animals. Farmers' demand for seeds, particularly those of poor farmers therefore depend on multiple criteria. Given the critical role that improved varieties play in increasing the conventional crop production, a key question is how to facilitate the development of an integrated seed system that is capable of generating, producing and distributing improved seed varieties that meet the needs of resource and resource-poor fanners in a cost-effective way. The study is an attempt to review and document the existing seed multiplication and delivery systems in four dry land agriculture districts of Andhra Pradesh namely Anantapur. Kurnool, Mahbubnagar and Nalgonda, representing typical characteristics of scmiarid tropics in India. Analyzing the problems associated with different seed systems in the Districts, the paper makes a case for alternative seed systems that address the needs and vulnerabilities of small farmers.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Others > Oilseeds
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 06 Jan 2012 13:10
Last Modified: 09 Jan 2014 08:59
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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