The World Chickpea and Pigeonpea Economies Facts, Trends, and Outlook

Joshi, P K and Rao, P P and Gowda, C L L and Jones, R B and Silim, S N and Saxena, K B and Kumar, J (2001) The World Chickpea and Pigeonpea Economies Facts, Trends, and Outlook. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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The authors would like to acknowledge their deep appreciation for critical comments on an earlier draft by C Johansen and T G Kelley, formerly with ICRISAT. They would also like to express their special thanks to D D Rohrbach for his guidance and valuable comments, and to M C S Bantilan for her constant encouragement and guidance during the study period. The authors gratefully acknowledge a number of collaborators for providing information on chickpea and pigeonpea statistics. Finally the report owes much to M V Rama Lakshmi who single-handedly compiled all the data and carried out statistical and graphical analysis. Thanks are due to Sheila Vijayakumar for editorial assistance, and to T R Kapoor and staff of the Information and Resource Management Program, ICRISAT for the design and layout of the report.


Globally chickpea and pigeonpea are third and fifth most important pulse crops mainly grown in the developing countries by resource-poor farmers in drought prone areas and on degraded soils. Chickpea is traditionally grown in temperate areas while pigeonpea is mainly grown in the tropics. South Asia accounts for bulk of production of both these pulses. During the last 20 years there has been some diversification in area and production as reflected in the internationality index of these crops. Considerable progress has been achieved in developing improved short- and medium-duration varieties of chickpea and pigeonpea that fit specific niches in the cropping pattern. Fallow areas were brought under chickpea cultivation as the crop could now escape terminal drought. Short- and medium-duration pigeonpea varieties resistant to diseases enabled double cropping leading to an increase in farm income. However, large-scale adoption could not be sustained due to several socioeconomic and technological constraints. Low productivity growth of chickpea and pigeonpea has resulted in declining or stagnant per caput availability of these pulses in the major producing regions. An important policy question is whether the decline in per caput availability of pulses is a supply or demand constraint. In the short to medium term, supply would be more constrained than demand for both chickpea and pigeonpea. Population and income growth and positive income elasticity of demand would ensure present levels of consumption. In the long run demand would be more constrained due to changes in tastes, preferences, and urbanization. Chickpea and pigeonpea complement cereals in production and consumption. Their overall benefits extend much beyond generating income to resource-poor farmers. For the long run sustainability of the system improvement in production through improved varieties resistant to pests and diseases and better agronomic management should continue in the future.

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2012 12:36
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2012 12:36
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