Adoption Studies on Improved Chickpea Varieties in Ethiopia

Dadi, L and Regassa, S and Fikre, A and Mitiku, D and Gaur, P M and Gowda, C L L and Bantilan, M C S (2005) Adoption Studies on Improved Chickpea Varieties in Ethiopia. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India.

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We would like to sincerely thank all those who contributed to successful completion of this study, especially district agricultural office experts and development agents who helped in listing the chickpea growers and Mr Desalegan Wakayo and Mr Abebe Mengistie who served as enumerators. We are very grateful to the farmers who spared their valuable time in meeting us and enthusiastically responded to the survey questions.

Abstract

Chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) is one of the most important food legumes in Ethiopia contributing to about 17% of the countries’ total pulse production. Ethiopia is the largest chickpea growing country in Africa, with a share of about 37% in area and 48% in production. During 2003/2004, Ethiopia produced 135,930 m t of chickpea from an area of 168,089 ha. There has been an increase of 12% in area and 34% in production since 1981/1982. Most of the chickpea production goes for domestic consumption. However, there has been substantial export of chickpea during the past five years, with maximum of 48,549 t (valued at US$14.7 million) during 2002 (FAOSTAT 2005). Chickpea is an important source of dietary protein and minerals for many Ethiopians who cannot afford animal products. It is used in various forms, e.g., green seeds, dried seeds, dehulled-splits and flour. Chickpea straw is highly valued as animal feed. The farmers recognize the importance of legumes in improving soil fertility and thus grow chickpea and other legumes in rotation with cereals. The Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center (DZARC) has been the premier institute for chickpea research in Ethiopia. It has collaborated with the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, India, and the International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria, in chickpea improvement and released 10 chickpea varieties in Ethiopia. Of these, three (DZ-10-4, DZ-10-11 and Dubie) were developed from its own breeding materials, five (Mariye, Worku, Akaki, Shasho and Chefe) from the breeding materials supplied by ICRISAT, and two (Arerti and Habru) from the breeding materials supplied by ICARDA..........

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2012 12:51
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2012 12:51
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/5287
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