Productivity and light interception in upland rice - legume intercropping systems

Ramakrishna, A and Ong, C K (1994) Productivity and light interception in upland rice - legume intercropping systems. Tropical Agriculture(Trinidad), 71 (1). pp. 5-11. ISSN 0041-3216

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Abstract

The interact ion between upland rice and grain legumes (cowpea, groundnut , pigeon pea) in intercropping was investigated on a Vertisol over two years. Generally, intercropping was advantageous wi th a small reduction in rice yield and a substantial increase in yield of the legume. Pigeon pea- r ice systems gave the highest intercropping advantage of 4 1 - 7 4 % in the first year. In the second year, high intercropping advantages were recorded for cowpea and pigeon pea intercrops but the indeterminate pigeon pea cv. Hy 3C reduced the expected rice yield by half. High irradiance early in the rainy season increased the growth and yield of both rice and legumes compared to the previous season, but intercrop rice was less competitive than Hy 3C. Canopy cover of rice was slowest compared to cowpea and pigeon pea, largely because of the erect leaf arrangement of rice. Intercropping invariably increased the amount of radiation intercepted due to faster canopy cover, i.e., spatial complementarity. It was concluded that determinate legumes are more appropriate for intercropping wi th upland rice.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 30 Jan 2012 12:34
Last Modified: 16 Sep 2013 12:34
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/5257
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