Management of Insecticide Resistant Helicoverpa armigera Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Cotton in India

Russell, D A and Singh, J and Jadhav, D R and Surulivelu, T and Regupathi, A and Kranthi, K R (1998) Management of Insecticide Resistant Helicoverpa armigera Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in Cotton in India. In: Proceeding of the World Cotton Research Conference, 6-12 Sept 1998, Athens, Greece.

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Helicoverpa armigera (Habner) was responsible for some $500 million of damage in India in the 1997-8. Insecticide resistance levels have been monitored routinely at sites throughout the countl)' since 1992 using discriminating dose assays. Resistance to pyrethroids is ubiquitous and stable at around 50-80% in most areas. Organophosphate and endosu(fan resistance is stable at around 20-50%. Carbamate resistance is low. There is-...(. ll:.rrently no significant resistance to Bt. Putting in place effective, economic, insecticide-based programmes that do not exacerbate the resistance problems, is a priority. Field trials from 1992-5 at 1CR1SAT developed appropriate 1PMI1RM practices in pigeonpea Clnd cotton. In 1995-6 these were takell illto 'split-plot' 1PMIIRM farmer trials in Andhra Pradesh (AP). Seed cotton yields were slightly enhanced with a 23% reduction in the number oj insecticide sprays and a 57% reduction in the a.i. applied. In expanded trials in 1996-7 trials in AP and Tamil Nadu, insecticide use was reduced by over 40% and yields enhanced by 30%. Components of the package included appropriate varietal selection, seed quality and agronomy and improved spraying practices with quality materials based on scouting to simple economic thresholds. Early season spraying for sucking pests was avoided by the use of systemic seed dressings. The sequence used for bollworms was: Eggs: at low numbers - neem; at high numbers - profenojos, Larvae: 1st round: endosulfan; 2nd round OPs (quinalphos or chlorpyrifos); 3rd round,' carbamates (carbaryl); 4th round - pyrethroids (cypermethrin, fen valerate. deltamethrin or lambda cyhalothrin). In the 1997-8 season farmer participatol)' demonstrations were undertaken in four states (Punjab, Andhra Pradesh, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu). In all areas spray applications were at least halved with respect to non-participating farmers' and yields rose by at least a third. The work was expanded in the 1998-9- season.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Others > Fertilizer Applications
Others > Entomology
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 04 Jan 2012 12:55
Last Modified: 04 Jan 2012 12:55
Acknowledgement: Successful implementation of the 1997-8 IRM demonstrations was enhanced by the input of project so(;io-cconomists D. Overfield (NRI), M. Arif Ali (ICRISAT), P. Elangovan (T1:'lAU) and R.S. Mullan (PAU). The field and laboratory assistance of the large team of research associates is gratefully acknowledged. This work was funded in part by the Crop Protection· and Natural Resources Systems Programmes of the UK Department for International Development (DFID), which cannot, however, accept responsibility for any of the views expressed.
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