Global sorghum Genetic enhancement processes at ICRISAT

Reddy, B V S and Rao, P and Deb, U K and Stenhouse, J W and Ramaiah, B and Ortiz, R (2004) Global sorghum Genetic enhancement processes at ICRISAT. In: Sorghum genetic enhancement: research process, dissemination and impacts. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India, pp. 64-101.

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Abstract

The global production of sorghum in 2003 is about 59 million t with an average productivity of 1.34 t ha-1 (FAO http://www.fao.org). Despite advances in breeding improved cultivars, productivity has increased only marginally. Productivity recorded at research stations in African countries and in India, Myanmar, Pakistan and Thailand in Asia was 3.5-4.0 t ha-1 in the rainy season. In China, it is about 12 t ha-1 at research stations but only 0.8-2.5 t ha-1 in farmers’ fields. This productivity gap of about 9-11 t ha-1 remains a challenge for agricultural scientists and extension specialists to bridge. Several biotic and abiotic stresses account for this gap.

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2011 11:00
Last Modified: 08 Dec 2011 11:00
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/4826
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