A Review of Sorghum Grain Mold

Forbes, G and Bandyopadhyay, R and Garcia, G (1992) A Review of Sorghum Grain Mold. In: Sorghum and millets diseases: a second world review. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics , Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India, pp. 265-272. ISBN 92-9666-201-8

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Abstract

Terminology and definitions, symptoms, causal agents, importance, and control of fungal-related grain deterioration of sorghum are reviewed. The term grain mold (GM) has gained general acceptance as the most satisfactory descriptor of this condition. Two concepts of fungal-related grain deterioration may be found in literature. In one, GM is a condition caused by parasitic and/or saprophytic interactions of numerous fungal spp and the plant at anytime between anthesis and harvest. In the other, only a few fungi infecting and colonizing spikelet tissues prior to grain maturity are involved. Fungi involved in postharvest deterioration (weathering) are not considered part of the GM complex. Numerous forms of GM damage have been described, but little work is reported on quantification of losses. A potential mycotoxin contamination in molded grain samples has been demonstrated. New techniques, including serial dilutions and ergosterol concentration, have been useful in evaluating GM severity. Screening of more than 7000 accessions has identified more than 150 GMresistant lines

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2011 12:34
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2011 12:34
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/4701
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