Agricultural technology adoption, seed access constraints and commercialization in Ethiopia

Asfaw, S and Shiferaw, B and Simtowe, F and Hagos, M (2011) Agricultural technology adoption, seed access constraints and commercialization in Ethiopia. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 3 (9). pp. 436-477. ISSN 2006-9774

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Abstract

This article examines the driving forces behind farmers’ decisions to adopt agricultural technologies and the causal impact of adoption on farmers’ integration into output market using data obtained from a random cross-section sample of 700 farmers in Ethiopia. We estimate a Double-Hurdle model to analyze the determinants of the intensity of technology adoption conditional on overcoming seed access constraints. We estimate the impact of technology adoption on farmers’ integration into output market by utilizing treatment effect model, regression based on propensity score as well as matching techniques to account for heterogeneity in the adoption decision, and for unobservable characteristics of farmers and their farm. Results show that knowledge of existing varieties, perception about the attributes of improved varieties, household wealth (livestock and land) and availability of active labor force are major determinants for adoption of improved technologies. Our results suggest that the adoption of improved agricultural technologies has a significant positive impact on farmers’ integration into output market and the findings are consistent across the three models suggesting the robustness of the results. This confirms the potential direct role of technology adoption on market participation among rural households, as higher productivity from improved technology translates into higher output market integration.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Commercialization, chickpea, double-hurdle model, improved varieties, grain legumes, technology adoption, treatment effect model, Ethiopia
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Ms Sandhya Gir
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2011 11:06
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2013 12:17
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/4558
Official URL: http://www.academicjournals.org/jdae/abstracts/abs...
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: The authors gratefully acknowledge the significant contributions made by participants of CSAE conference at Oxford University. We would also like to thank Drs. Moti Jaleta and Songporne Tongruksawattana for their constructive comment. The authors are grateful to the Debre Zeit Agricultural Research Center (DZARC) of the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR) for providing leadership in implementing household surveys. The study was financially supported by the Melinda and Bill Gates Foundation (MBGF).
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