Breeding for disease resistance and yield in pearl millet

Andrews, D J and King, S B and Witcome, J R and Singh, S D and Rai, K N and Thakur, R P and Talukdar, B S and Chavan, S B and Singh, P (1985) Breeding for disease resistance and yield in pearl millet. Field Crops Research, 11. pp. 241-258. ISSN 0378-4290

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We describe a program at ICRISAT, India, for breeding pearl millet for disease-resistance and high grain yield. Large-scale, reliable techniques for screening in the field for downy mildew, ergot and smut have been developed and are routinely being used. Since downy mildew is economically important, all breeding material passes through the downy mildew-screening nursery and resistant varieties and hybrids have been bred. Synthetic varieties have been produced which are also resistant to smut and are agronomically good. Variability from African germplasm material, particularly for disease resistance, head volume, and seed size, has been exploited in crosses with Indian material. African parent-age occurs in nearly all of the advanced breeding products of the ICRISAT program. Recurrent selection has been used to produce open-pollinated varieties, one of which (WC-C75) is the first to be released in India where it already occupies a considerable hectarage. Conventional pedigree breeding has been used to produce synthetic parents, pollinators and seed parents. Several new seed parents have been released, and this broadens the genetic base of the hybrid crop which previously relied heavily on a single malesterile line.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Depositing User: Mr Charan Sai Ch
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2011 09:06
Last Modified: 21 Mar 2013 05:17
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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