Postpollination Stigmatic Constriction, the Basis of Ergot Resistance in Selected Lines of Pearl Millet

Willingale, J and Mantle, P G and Thakur, R P (1986) Postpollination Stigmatic Constriction, the Basis of Ergot Resistance in Selected Lines of Pearl Millet. Phytopathology, 76 (5). pp. 536-539.

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When 5 ergot (Claviceps fusiformis)-resistant pearl millet (Pennisetum americanum) lines, developed at ICRISAT and showing varying degrees of protogyny, and 2 highly susceptible hybrids were tested for resistance, protogyny of florets of individual inflorescences lasted ≤48 h in the resistant lines. Disease escape was mediated through the development of a localized stigmatic constriction that occurred 6 h after self-pollination. In contrast, stigmas of highly susceptible hybrids remained receptive for up to 6 d, when an aging constriction occurred, located similarly at the pollination-induced abscission site. Development of an aging constriction in stigmas of susceptible lines, prior to self-anthesis, also resulted in self-incompatibility. Extension of the period between stigma emergence and anthesis allows establishment of the pathogen within the unfertilized ovary. Where protogyny lasted for more than 48 h, resistance could be conferred only by cross-pollination prior to gynoecial aging. It appears that ergot resistance is based on a pollen escape phenomenon linked to normal events occurring during pollination. Breeding at ICRISAT for ergot resistance under high inoculum pressure has resulted in selection of individuals in which stigmas emerge only a few hours before self-pollen is shed. Consequently, stigmatic constriction is rapidly self-induced

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 31 Oct 2011 10:08
Last Modified: 31 Oct 2011 10:08
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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