Limitations to seed yield in short-duration pigeonpea under water stress

Lopez, V F and Johansen, C and Chauhan, Y S (1994) Limitations to seed yield in short-duration pigeonpea under water stress. Field Crops Research, 36 (2). pp. 95-102. ISSN 0378-4290

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Abstract

Yield components were determined for two short-duration pigeonpea [Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.] cultivars, ICPL 87 and ICPL 151, in response to terminal drought stress with three partial flower/pod removal or four foliar fertilization treatments applied from the time of full flowering. Flower/pod removal treatments comprised a control with no flower/pod removal, lower-plant flower and pod removal at full flowering and 18 days later (EL), allowing pods to develop only on the top-3 nodes of the main stem, and flower/pod removal 18 days after full flowering only (L). The EL and L treatments were applied to ICPL 87 and only the EL treatment to ICPL 151. Seed yield of the top-3 nodes was increased by the EL treatment for both cultivars under rainfed and irrigated conditions, but was not significantly affected by the L treatment. With flower/pod removal, increased yields of the top-3 nodes were due to increases in the pod density and/or the seed size, with little change in the number of seeds pod−1. Foliar fertilization of cultivar ICPL 87 with solutions containing N, P, K and S in similar proportions to those found in developing seeds at 20 and 40 kg N ha−1, had no significant effects on yield or yield components under either soil moisture condition. Factors within the plant during early reproductive growth appear to limit seed yield under both soil moisture conditions, and reproductive sink capacity and nutrient (N, P, K and S) supply, apparently, are not limiting. Such information on plant factors limiting yield under water stress conditions allows for a better understanding of drought resistance mechanism(s) for short-duration pigeonpea.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cajanus; Foliar fertilization; Flower/pod removal; Pigeonpea; Yield components
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr Charan Sai Ch
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2011 09:35
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2011 09:35
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/3095
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0378-4290(94)90058-2
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics
Acknowledgement: F.R. Lopez was a recipient of an ICRISAT postdoctoral research Sellowshipand acknowledges the support and advice of Dr. D.L. Oswalt of the Human Resources Development Program. We wish to thank V.F. Lopez,. N. Venkataratnam. and field staff of thc Crop Physiology IJnit, Legurnc. Program, for field and laboratory assistance, and Dr. S.N. Silim for helpful comments on this manuscript.
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