Effects of Temperature and Photoperiod on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Nigam, S N and Rao, R C N and Wynne, J C (1998) Effects of Temperature and Photoperiod on Vegetative and Reproductive Growth of Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Journal Of Agronomy And Crop Science, 181 (2). pp. 117-124. ISSN 0931-2250

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Three groundnut cultivars were grown in controlled-environment growth chambers at temperature regimes 22/18, 26/22 or 30/26°C, (day/night) under long (12 h, long day) or short (9 h, short day) photoperiods. Total dry matter production (TDM) was 32-72% higher under LD than SD. Temperature × cultivar interaction effects were significant, with the dry matter production being highest at 26/22°C and lowest at 30/26°C and 22/18°C in two of the three cultivars. Leaf area (LA) was greater under LD than SD at all temperature regimes. LA accounted for 76% of the variation in shoot + root dry weight (R² = 0.76, P < 0.01). A lack of relationship between LA and pod weight or pod numbers suggested that the pod development is controlled by factors other than carbon assimilation. The temperature × photoperiod interaction was significant for root growth, with the root weight being maximal and photoperiod effects being minimal at 22/18°C, while at 26/22°C, root weight declined and photoperiod effects became prominent. Low temperature (22/18°C) affected the reproductive development by reducing the proportion of reproductive nodes in total (vegetative + reproductive) nodes. The conversion of pegs into pods, as indicated by pod to peg ratio (PPR), was lower in LD than in SD conditions. Results suggested that the PPR could be used as an indicator of genotypic sensitivity to photoperiod in groundnut.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Groundnut;Arachis hypogaea L.;photoperiod;temperature;growth;partitioning
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 22 Oct 2011 10:22
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2011 10:22
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/2946
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-037X.1998.tb00406...
Acknowledgement: This work was carried out by the senior author during his study leave at North Carolina State University, Raleigh, USA. The Phytotron facilities and related back-up support provided by Drs R. J. Downs and J. E. Thomas and their staff at the Southeastern Plant Environment Laboratory, Raleigh, are highly appreciated.
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