An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between Land Size, Ownership, and Soybean Productivity - New Evidence from the Semi-Arid Tropical Region in Madhya Pradesh, India

Vadivelu, G A and Wani, S P and Bhole, L M and Pathak, P and Pande, A B (2006) An Empirical Analysis of the Relationship between Land Size, Ownership, and Soybean Productivity - New Evidence from the Semi-Arid Tropical Region in Madhya Pradesh, India. Journal of SAT Agricultural Research, 2 (1). pp. 1-44.

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Abstract

The intervention of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) at the benchmark site in Madhya Pradesh, India is part of a larger project – “Improving Management of Natural Resources for Sustainable Rainfed Agriculture” funded by the Asian Development Bank (ADB). The main aim of the project is to increase the productivity and sustainability of the medium and high water-holding capacity soils in the intermediate rainfall ecoregions in India, Vietnam, and Thailand. This study examines the relationship between land size and various variables including the soybean productivity relationship among owner-operated and share cropper-operated farms. Primary data was collected using an interview schedule from the villages of Jaoti, Kundhankhedi, Kherkhedi, and Lalatora in Vidisha district, Madhya Pradesh for the 1999 rainy season crop. The productivity of evaluated owner-operated farms is marginally higher at 0.72 t ha-1 compared to 0.68 t ha-1 in case of share cropped farms. The productivity of evaluated trial farms in Lalatora micro-watershed which is used as a demonstration micro-watershed for evaluating improved management practice has been higher at 1.1 t ha-1. The inverse-relationship between land size and productivity is found for both owner-operated (r = 0.27) and share cropper-operated farms (r = 0.30). The average profit is higher among owner-operated farms at Rs. 2045 ha-1 compared to Rs. 1773 ha-1 among share cropped farms. The profitability for the landlords and share croppers is documented and evidence is presented on the exploitative nature of the emerging 20:80 crop sharing contract. The low productivity has been due to waterlogging which occurred due to heavy rains during the sowing period.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2011 06:36
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2011 06:36
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/2480
Official URL:
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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