The occurrence of Indian peanut clump, a soil-borne virus disease of groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea) in India

Reddy, D V R and Rajeswari, R and Iizuka, N and Lesemann, D E and Nolt, B L and Goto, T (1983) The occurrence of Indian peanut clump, a soil-borne virus disease of groundnuts (Arachis hypogaea) in India. Annals of Applied Biology, 102 (2). pp. 305-310.

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Abstract

A disease characterised by severely stunted plants with small dark green leaves was found in groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) in sandy soils in Punjab State, India. The disease occurred in patches in the field and reappeared in the same positions in succeeding groundnut crops. Plants infected early did not produce mature pods. Seeds sown in soil collected from infected fields produced plants with typical disease symptoms. Phaseolus vulgaris cv. Local and Chenopodium quinoa were found to be good diagnostic hosts. The disease was shown to be caused by a rod-shaped virus c. 24 nm in diameter with predominant particle lengths of c. 249 and 184 nm when stained in uranyl acetate. The virus, named Indian peanut clump virus (IPCV), resembled peanut clump virus (PCV) reported from W. Africa in symptomatology on groundnuts, particle morphology and soil-borne nature. However, it is not serologically related to two W. African PCV isolates tested, or to tobacco rattle (PRN and CAM strains) or pea early browning virus (Dutch isolate) in microprecipitin, enzyme linked immunosorbent assay and immunosorbent electron microscopy tests.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Depositing User: Ms Vibha Raju
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2011 10:41
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2011 10:41
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/2447
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7348.1983.tb02698...
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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