Labour Migration in Indo-Gangetic Plains: Determinants and Impacts on Socio-economic Welfare

Singh, N P and Singh, R P and Kumar, R and Padaria , R N and Singh, A and Varghese, N (2011) Labour Migration in Indo-Gangetic Plains: Determinants and Impacts on Socio-economic Welfare. Agricultural Economics Research Review, 24. pp. 449-458. ISSN 0974-0279

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In India, male out-migration from rural to urban areas has increased in recent years, especially in the Indo-Gangetic regions of the country. This indicates that most of the developed regions of India are utilizing labour force of backward areas. The paper has investigated on labour out-migration from the states of Uttar Pradesh and Bihar to find its determinants and its impacts on farm economy. The analysis of determinants shown that the number of members in a family and their educational status have a positive impact on migration. As a result of male out-migration, the women left behind in the villages assume a major role in various farm activities resulting in the so-called ‘feminization of agriculture’. It has also empowered the female members of the migrant households in terms of enhancing their decision-making role in various activities. The study has observed some policy implications in terms of formation of self-help groups or labour societies to help out-migrants, organization of training programmes for capacity building of women, more thrust on education a girl-child and development of infrastructure in the rural areas.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Labour migration, Feminization of agriculture, Farm-women empowerment, Impact on farm socio-economy.
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2011 08:22
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2012 03:24
Official URL:
Funders: Indian Council of Agricultural Research
Acknowledgement: The authors thank ICAR AP Cess Fund for sponsoring this collaborative research at the Division of Agricultural Economics, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi
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