Effect of mulch on soil temperature, moisture, weed infestation and yield of groundnut in northern Vietnam

Ramakrishna, A and Tam, H M and Wani, S P and Long, T D (2006) Effect of mulch on soil temperature, moisture, weed infestation and yield of groundnut in northern Vietnam. Field Crops Research, 95 (2-3). pp. 115-125. ISSN 0378-4290

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Abstract

Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is one of the chief foreign exchange earning crops for Vietnam. However, owing to lack of appropriate management practices, the production and the area under cultivation of groundnut have remained low. Mulches increase the soil temperature, retard the loss of soil moisture, and check the weed growth, which are the key factors contributing to the production of groundnut. On-farm trials were conducted in northern Vietnam to study the impact of mulch treatments and explore economically feasible and eco-friendly mulching options. The effect of three mulching materials (polythene, rice straw and chemical) on weed infestation, soil temperature, soil moisture and pod yield were studied. Polythene and straw mulch were effective in suppressing the weed infestation. Different mulching materials showed different effects on soil temperature. Polythene mulch increased the soil temperature by about 6 °C at 5 cm depth and by 4 °C at 10 cm depth. Mulches prevent soil water evaporation retaining soil moisture. Groundnut plants in polythene and straw mulched plots were generally tall, vigorous and reached early flowering. Use of straw as mulch provides an attractive and an environment friendly option in Vietnam, as it is one of the largest rice growing countries with the least use of rice straw. Besides, it recycles plant nutrients effectively.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Groundnut, Mulch, Soil moisture, Soil temperature
Subjects: Mandate crops > Groundnut
Others > Soil Science
Depositing User: Mr Sanat Kumar Behera
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2011 09:05
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2011 15:43
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/2279
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fcr.2005.01.030
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: Asian Development Bank
Acknowledgement: The authors would like to thank all the scientists of Legume Research and Development Center, extension specialists of Hoa Binh Province, and farmers of Thanh Ha watershed who have contributed towards the implementation of the Watershed Project. Technical support received from Mr. Ch. Srinivasa Rao, ICRISAT, and the financial assistance received from the Asian Development Bank (RETA # 5812) is gratefully acknowledged.
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