Village Seed Banks:An integrated seed system for improved seed production and supply – A case study

Ravinder Reddy, Ch and Nigam, S N and Rao, P P and Ahmed, S and Ratnakar, R and Alur, A S and Ashok Kumar, A and Reddy, B V S and Gowda, C L L (2010) Village Seed Banks:An integrated seed system for improved seed production and supply – A case study. Monograph. International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics.

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Abstract

Quality seed of improved varieties is an important basic input for enhancing productivity of any crop species. Existing mechanisms to meet the groundnut seed requirements of small-scale farmers are not adequate and have serious limitations. Private seed sector is reluctant to produce and market seed of open pollinated varieties/ self pollinated crops such as groundnut for economic consideration. A joint venture project between the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) and the Department of Rural Development (DRD), Government of Andhra Pradesh was launched in Mahbubnagar district in 2009 with the objective to improve access to and availability of good quality seed of farmer-preferred improved groundnut varieties particularly to smallholder farmers at affordable prices and at the right time to enhance crop productivity income and household food security. Efforts to improve the performance of the agricultural sector should include seed production, storage and delivery system at village level rather than in urban centers. The baseline studies in the project area identified key problems related to groundnut seed supply system. Lack of timely availability of good quality seeds of high-yielding varieties is one of the major constraints contributing to stagnant yields of groundnut crop in the project area where it is grown in postrainy season under irrigated conditions. The other constrains include lack of proper storage facilities at farm/household level, storage insect pests, and farmers’ perception of better performance of seed obtained from outside over locally produced seed. The project devised alternate seed systems, which ensure availability of quality seed of improved varieties at local level and integration of informal seed enterprises and farmers in the seed production and supply systems to enable timely availability of quality seed at the door-step of farmers. The concept of village seed banks was promoted and successfully validated in the project villages in Mahbubnagar district in Andhra Pradesh. It not only ensured timely availability of quality seed of farmer-preferred varieties at affordable price at local level but also enhanced crop productivity and local seed enterprises leading to higher incomes to farmers. The village seed model can be replicated elsewhere and to other crops as well.

Item Type: Monograph (Monograph)
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRPS: UNSPECIFIED
Agro Tags: <b>Agrotags</b> - farmers | villages | varieties | productivity | crops | groundnuts | supply | marketing | banking | research <br><b>Fishtags</b> - NOT-AVAILABLE<br><b>Geopoliticaltags</b> - andhra pradesh | india | principe | africa | zimbabwe | china | beijing | maine | madhya pradesh | asia
Subjects: Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2011 08:36
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2011 09:38
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/200
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