Evaluation Of Pigeonpea Pod Borer And Pod Fly Tolerant Lines At Kabete And Kiboko In Kenya

Minja, E M and Shanower, T G and Silim, S N and Singh, L (1999) Evaluation Of Pigeonpea Pod Borer And Pod Fly Tolerant Lines At Kabete And Kiboko In Kenya. African Crop Science Journal, 7 (1). pp. 71-79.

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Abstract

Pigeonpea lines which have shown tolerance to pod borer and pod fly damage at ICRISAT, Patancheru, India, were tested in the field at Kabete and Kiboko, Kenya, and compared with five local checks. There were sprayed and unsprayed plots for each line. Endosulfan 35 E.C. was applied at 0.07% active ingredient (a.i.) starting at flower bud expansion stage, at 50% flowering, early podding, and full podding stages. At crop maturity, all pods from three plants plot-1 were sampled and seed damage by different insect pests determined. The results showed that seeds from all lines were damaged by pod borers and pod sucking bugs. Pod fly incidence was greater at Kabete than at Kiboko, and damage was lower on test lines than on checks. Spraying reduced seed damage from 57.6% to 9.3% and from 59.9% to 4.5% on pod borer lines and pod fly lines, respectively, at Kiboko, and from 19.9% to 5.4% on pod fly lines at Kabete. At Kiboko seed damage in unsprayed pod borer (57.6%) and pod fly (59.9%) lines was similar. Seed damage on pod fly lines at Kiboko (59.9%) was significantly higher than at Kabete (19.9%). Positive significant correlations were observed between seed mass and pod fly damage at Kabete (r = 0.31*) and Kiboko (r = 0.30*). The results indicated that although some lines showed tolerance to pod borer and pod fly damage, they were highly susceptible to pod sucking bugs, suggesting that such tolerance does not hold against other insect groups.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2011 06:35
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2011 06:35
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/1801
Official URL: http://www.bioline.org.br/request?cs99007
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: African Development Bank
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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