Predicting growth and development of pigeonpea: a simulation model

Robertson, M J and Carberry, P S and Chauhan, Y S and Ranganathan, R and O'Leary, G J (2001) Predicting growth and development of pigeonpea: a simulation model. Field Crops Research, 71 (3). pp. 195-210.

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Abstract

A simulation model of pigeonpea is described that is designed to simulate the development, growth, nitrogen accumulation and yield of a wide range of maturity types from extra-short to medium-duration in response to weather, soil conditions and agronomic management. Parameters of the model for phenological development, leaf area expansion, radiation interception, biomass accumulation and partitioning, crop water use, root growth and water extraction, and nitrogen accumulation are derived from published studies. In addition, the calibration exercise is described to derive the parameters accounting for the effect of plant population density on leaf area expansion. The model was tested on 38 data sets, not previously used to derive model parameters, collected at Patancheru, India. Data sets encompassed a wide range of plant type, sowing density, and seasons, grown on Alfisol and Vertisol soil types under dryland and irrigated conditions. The time to flowering and maturity from the extra-short to medium-duration types were simulated well, explaining 96 and 92% of the variance (RMSD=4.3 and 9.8 days), respectively. Total aboveground biomass was simulated with less accuracy, explaining 74% of the variance (RMSD=2056 kg ha-1) and grain yield was simulated explaining 76% of the variance (RMSD=332 kg ha-1). There remains scope for model improvement in the areas of waterlogging and testing on crop N accumulation. This pigeonpea module, when coupled with other crop, soil and management modules can be used to address a range of cropping systems issues.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: UNSPECIFIED
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Mandate crops > Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Library ICRISAT
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2011 06:30
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2011 06:30
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/1776
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0378-4290(01)00160-5
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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