Heterosis and combining ability for grain Fe and Zn concentration and agronomic traits in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]

Gaddameedi, A and Phuke, R M and Kishor Bilhan Polavarapu, K and Gorthy, S and Subhasini, V and Jagannathan, J and Kumar Are, A (2020) Heterosis and combining ability for grain Fe and Zn concentration and agronomic traits in sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench]. Journal of King Saud University - Science (TSI), 32 (7). pp. 2989-2994. ISSN 1018-3647

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Studies on genetics and trait relationships with grain yield and other agronomic traits are critical for improving the micronutrients content in the grain and it forms an effective strategy for breeding bio fortified sorghum. It greatly contributes to addressing micronutrient malnutrition in poor people who are dependent on sorghum as a staple food. Development of hybrids with high grain Fe and Zn and higher yield enables delivery of commercial products that address both food and nutrition while bringing profits to farmers. The present study was aimed at developing suitable breeding strategy and improving breeding products using gene action, heterosis and combining ability analysis for improving the grain Iron (Fe) and Zinc (Zn) concentration and grain yield in sorghum. This study was conducted in Line Tester mating design involving seven parents. A total of 12 new hybrids were developed by mating three lines with four testers. The combining ability of the crosses indicated predominance of dominance variance than additive variance for the agronomic traits such as days to 50% flowering, grain yield, grain Fe and Zn concentrations except for plant height and 100 seed weight. Higher magnitude of SCA than GCA variance for grain iron and zinc concentrations indicated the importance of non-additive gene action in the improvement of nutritional traits. Hybrids exhibited heterosis for agronomic traits and for grain Fe concentration and grain Zn. Most of the traits showed significant positive heterosis over mid parent value indicating the predominance of dominant gene action except the trait 100 seed weight. Significant positive mid-parent heterosis for grain iron indicated that there would be an opportunity to exploit heterosis in improving for grain Fe. But for Zn concentration, there is a limited possibility for exploitation of heterosis. This study suggested that simple selection will improve plant height and 100 seed weight in sorghum but heterosis breeding is more useful for improving grain yield. While both parents need to be improved for improving grain Zn concentration, there is good scope for exploiting heterosis for improving grain Fe concentration in sorghum.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
Uncontrolled Keywords: Heterosis, GCA, SCA, Gene action, Grain iron, Grain zinc
Subjects: Mandate crops > Sorghum
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2020 05:52
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2020 05:53
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/11650
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jksus.2020.08.003
Acknowledgement: Planning experiments, supporting and monitoring of research - AAK; Performance of experiments – AG, RP, JJ, SG; Data analysis was carried out by AG, RP; and manuscript development and review – AG, RP, AAK, PK, PBK.
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