Crop-livestock integration to enhance ecosystem services in sustainable food systems

Homann-Kee Tui, S and Valdivia, R O and Descheemaeker, K and Senda, T and Masikati, P and Makumbe, M T and Van Rooyen, A F (2020) Crop-livestock integration to enhance ecosystem services in sustainable food systems. In: The Role of Ecosystem Services in Sustainable Food Systems. Charlotte Cockle, United Kingdom, pp. 141-169. ISBN 978-0-12-816436-5

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Agricultural systems in developing countries are challenged to produce more food from the same area of land and from scarce water resources. Integrated croplivestock systems hold intensification options that can improve the production of nutritious food and environmental sustainability, while reducing people’vulnerability to climate-related hazards (Tarawali et al. 2011; Lemaire et al., 2013; Garrett et al., 2017). Through an integrated relationship between crop and livestock components, farmers can increase agricultural productivity per unit of land and water, beyond the productivity of the individual components (Bonaudo et al., 2014; Peyraud et al., 2014). More diversified crop-livestock systems provide more opportunities for integration compared with systems that are composed of single farm components (Kremen et al., 2012; Valbuena et al., 2015). The multiple benefits deliver important ecosystem functions and services which help to use increasingly scarce resources more efficiently and conserve the natural environment (Hendrickson et al., 2008; ThorntonandHerrero,2015).Inamarket-orientedproductioncontext,returnsonintegration and diversification increase as farmers produce more biomass of better nutritional quality. They can do this using available technologies, while becoming less dependent on external inputs; this, in turn, makes them less sensitive to price fluctuations (Ryschawy et al., 2012; Homann-Kee Tui et al., 2015).

Item Type: Book Section
Divisions: Research Program : East & Southern Africa
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
CGIAR Research Program on Water, Land and Ecosystems (WLE)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crop-livestock integration, Sustainable Food System
Subjects: Others > Sustainable Agriculture
Others > Livestock
Others > Cropping and Farming Systems
Others > Agriculture-Farming, Production, Technology, Economics
Depositing User: Mr Arun S
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2020 07:39
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2020 17:08
Acknowledgement: The data for the case in this chapter were generated through the AgMIP Crop Livestock Intensification Project (CLIP), with support from the UK Department for International Development’s UKaid. This work was implemented as part of the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS) and the CGIAR Research Program on Water Land and Ecosystems (WLE), which is carried out with support from CGIAR Fund Donors and through bilateral funding agreements. For details please visit https://ccafs.cgiar. org/donors. The views expressed in this document cannot be taken to reflect the official opinions of these organizations. The authors thank Violette Kee Tui for editing.
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