Local normative climate shaping agency and agricultural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa

Petesch, P and Bullock, R and Feldman, S and Badstue, L and Rietveld, A and Bauchspies, W and Kamanzi, A and Tegbaru, A and Yila, J (2018) Local normative climate shaping agency and agricultural livelihoods in sub-Saharan Africa. Journal of Gender, Agriculture and Food Security, 3 (1). pp. 108-130. ISSN 2413-922X

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We introduce the concept of local normative climate to improve understanding of community- level social processes that shape women’s and men’s sense of agency and capacities for taking important decisions, including in their agricultural livelihoods. The idea of normative climate is informed by feminist literature that addresses concerns for the contextual, fluid, and relational properties of gender norms. We apply normative climate to a qualitative examination of men’s and women’s assessments of decade-long changes in their decision-making capacity in two village case studies as well as comparatively with 24 village cases from seven sub-Saharan African countries. The case studies reveal how a normative climate is shaped by contextual influences that give rise to social processes where, for instance, changes in decision-making and agricultural opportunities may be perceived as empowering by only men in one village, and only by women in the other village. Comparative findings highlight how perceptions of agency are rooted in fluid normative expectations that evolve differently for women and men as they move through their life cycle and as local institutions and opportunities change.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Gender & Agricultural Research Network
CGIAR Research Program on Maize
CGIAR Research Program on Wheat
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gender norms, case studies, empowerment, qualitative methodology, sub-Saharan Africa, agricultural livelihoods
Subjects: Others > Agriculture
Others > Climate Change
Others > African Agriculture
Others > Gender Research
Others > Sub-Saharan Africa
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2018 09:12
Last Modified: 03 Dec 2018 09:12
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10985
Official URL: http://agrigender.net/views/local-normative-climat...
Funders: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation; CGIAR Gender & Agricultural Research Network; World Bank; CGIAR Research Programs on Maize and Wheat
Acknowledgement: This paper was developed with generous support of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. The CGIAR Gender & Agricultural Research Network, the World Bank, the government of Mexico, and the CGIAR Research Programs on Maize and Wheat contributed to the GENNOVATE methodology design and analysis phases. While too numerous to name, we are deeply indebted to the many study participants, field team members, and other researchers who contributed to and supported GENNOVATE. A special thank you also goes to our two anonymous reviewers who provided valuable feedback.
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