Developing fertilizer recommendations for rice in Sub-Saharan Africa, achievements and opportunities

Bado, B V and Djaman, K and Mel, V C (2018) Developing fertilizer recommendations for rice in Sub-Saharan Africa, achievements and opportunities. Paddy and Water Environment (TSI), 16 (3). pp. 571-586. ISSN 1611-2490

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Improving agricultural productivity to keep pace with the fast-growing food demand is a huge challenge for sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). Fertilizer is a powerful productivity-enhancing input; nevertheless, farmers of SSA use only 5–9 kg ha−1 of fertilizer, which is ten times lesser than Latin America and Asia (50 and 80 kg ha−1, respectively). Rice (Oryza sativa) is one of the most important food crops of SSA, and its consumption is growing faster than any other commodity in Africa. Rice-based systems have high potential for improving food production through an efficient management of fertilizers. The biophysical environment, cropping systems and socio-economic status of farmers including market opportunities are the main factors for developing appropriate fertilizer recommendations. Many research efforts have been invested in different countries to develop fertilizer recommendation for rice. However, the diversity of rice ecologies, the type and the cost of fertilizers available on local market are the main constraints for development of blanket recommendations of fertilizer usually applied in many countries. Here, we make a reviews of the progress made on the development of fertilizer recommendations for rice-based systems in SSA. The utilization of the new concepts and decisions support tools for development of fertilizer recommendation and the main achievements and weakness are discussed. The opportunities offered by the new concepts, modeling and decision support tools are discussed in a regional strategic approach for better management of fertilizers in the diversified ecologies of rice-based systems.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrient, Fertilizers, Soil, Rice ecologies, Modeling, Decision support tools, sub-Saharan Africa
Subjects: Others > Rice
Others > Fertilizer Applications
Others > African Agriculture
Others > Sub-Saharan Africa
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2018 06:28
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2018 06:28
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: The authors are grateful to the two anonymous reviewers who contributed to improve the content and quality of the manuscript.
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