Genetic diversity and association mapping of Ethiopian and exotic finger millet accessions

Lule, D and de Villiers, S and Fetene, M and Odeny, D A and Rathore, A and Das, R R and Tesfaye, K (2018) Genetic diversity and association mapping of Ethiopian and exotic finger millet accessions. Crop and Pasture Science (TSI). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1836-0947

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Combining morphological and molecular data to identify genetic variation and marker–trait association is one of the most important prerequisites for genomics-assisted selection in crop improvement. To this end, a total of 138 finger millet (Eleusine coracana subsp. coracana) accessions including five improved varieties were evaluated to assess the genetic variation and population structure and undertake association mapping. These accessions were basically collected from Ethiopia (96), Eritrea (8), Kenya (7), Zambia (9) and Zimbabwe (13). Finger millet accessions were evaluated in the field for 10 important agronomic traits and also characterised using a set of 20 microsatellite markers. Mean polymorphism information content of 0.61 was observed from a total of 222 alleles with an average of 11.1 alleles per microsatellite locus. About 61% of alleles detected were rare (<5%) and specific allele amplification was observed in 34 accessions. Both weighted neighbour-joining based clustering using molecular data and hierarchical clustering using phenotypic trait data grouped the 138 accessions into four major clusters that were not entirely based on their geographical origins. Genome-wide association studies depicted 16 significant (P < 0.01) associations between 13 microsatellite markers and six agronomic traits. Our results reveal a unique abundance of rare alleles in finger millet and highlight the need for more careful selection of genome-wide association studies in the future in order to capture the contribution of rare alleles to important agronomic traits.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : East & Southern Africa
Uncontrolled Keywords: Eleusine, genome-wide association studies, microsatellites, PIC, genetic diversity, association mapping, Ethiopia, finger millet, millets accessions
Subjects: Mandate crops > Millets
Mandate crops > Millets > Finger Millet
Others > Genetics and Genomics
Others > Germplasm
Others > Ethiopia
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 21 Aug 2018 06:38
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 07:51
Official URL:
Acknowledgement: The authors acknowledge the Swedish International Development Agency (SIDA) through the Bio-Innovate collaborative research project 01/2010 for funding this study. We are grateful to the Ethiopian Biodiversity Institute for providing finger millet accessions and to Dr Mosisa Worku for editing the manuscript.
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