Proteolytic Activity in the Midgut of Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) Larvae Fed on Wild Relatives of Chickpea, Cicer arietinum

Golla, S K and Rajasekhar, P and Akbar, S M D and Sharma, H C (2018) Proteolytic Activity in the Midgut of Helicoverpa armigera (Noctuidae: Lepidoptera) Larvae Fed on Wild Relatives of Chickpea, Cicer arietinum. Journal of Economic Entomology (TSI). ISSN 0022-0493 (Submitted)

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Abstract

Wild relatives of crops are an important source of resistance genes against insect pests. However, it is important to identify the accessions of wild relatives with different mechanisms of resistance to broaden the basis and increase the levels of resistance to insect pests. Therefore, we evaluated 15 accessions of wild relatives of chickpea belonging to seven species and five genotypes of cultivated chickpea for their resistance to pod borer, Helicoverpa armigera, which is the most damaging pest of chickpea. The test genotypes were evaluated for resistance to H. armigera using detached pod assay. Data were also recorded on activity of the digestive enzymes in the midgut of the larvae fed on different wild relatives of chickpea. All the wild chickpea genotypes suffered lower pod damage and weight gained by the third-instar larvae of H. armigera was lower when fed on them compared with the cultivated chickpea. The accessions, IG 69979 (Cicer cuneatum), PI 599066, IG 70006, IG 70018, IG 70022 (Cicer bijugum), IG 599076 (Cicer chrossanicum), and IG 72933, IG 72953 (Cicer reticulatum), showed high levels of resistance to H. armigera. There were significant differences in protease activity in larval gut of H. armigera fed on different wild relatives of chickpea. Total protease, trypsin, and chymotrypsin activities were lowest in larva fed on PI 599066 (C. bijugum) compared with that in the larvae fed IG 69979 (C. cuneatum) and IG 70022 (C. bijugum). Aminopeptidase activity was highest in the larvae fed on IG 70022 (C. bijugum) and IG 599076 (C. chrossanicum), whereas lowest activity was recorded in the larvae fed on ICC 3137 and KAK 2 (susceptible checks). The variation in protease activities may be due to the presence of protease inhibitors in the wild relatives or hyperproduction of enzymes by the larvae as result of protease inhibitor activity of the wild relatives, resulting in low weight gain by larvae. The results suggested that wild relatives of chickpea with diverse mechanisms of resistance can be exploited to increase the levels and diversify the basis of resistance to H. armigera in cultivated chickpea.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : Asia
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: chickpea, wild relatives, pod borer, digestive enzyme, antibiosis, Helicoverpa armigera
Subjects: Others > Helicoverpa
Mandate crops > Chickpea
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 25 Jun 2018 10:37
Last Modified: 22 Oct 2018 10:13
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10772
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jee/toy160
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: UNSPECIFIED
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