Closing the Gap between Climate Information Producers and Users: Assessment of Needs and Uptake in Senegal

Ouedraogo, I and Diouf, N S and Ouedraogo, M and Ndiaye, O and Zougmore, R B (2018) Closing the Gap between Climate Information Producers and Users: Assessment of Needs and Uptake in Senegal. Climate, 6 (1). pp. 1-16. ISSN 2225-1154

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Abstract

West Africa is a very vulnerable part of the world to the impacts of climate change due to a combination of exposure and low adaptive capacity. Climate change has induced an increase in rainfall variability which in turn has affected the availability of water resources, ecosystem services and agricultural production. To adapt to the increased aridity, farmers have used indigenous and modern coping strategies such as soil and water conservation techniques, the use of drought-tolerant crops and varieties, crop diversification, etc., and lately, climate information services (CIS). The latter, according to the discourses, has positively contributed to suitable decision-making in terms of farming, pastoral and fishing management systems. However, the scientific documentation of the engagement approaches, the uptake of the CIS and the ways the delivered information is being used, as well as feedback from the users, is lacking. Additionally, in most of the cases where CIS are introduced, the disconnect between the users and producers of the CIS seems to undercut large-scale uptake. The objective of this paper is to examine the approach used to involve stakeholders in the CIS uptake process in Senegal. We analyzed the experiences and lessons learnt in the country where various CIS products were introduced using participatory methods (stakeholder consultations, interviews, field demonstrations, training workshops, etc.) and innovative stressors (SMS, voice messages, radios, mobile applications, etc.) to effectively involve producers, technicians and policy-makers. Results showed that 16 relevant CIS have been produced out of 27 identified by the various users; 11 CIS diffusion channels have been developed out of 13 requested; 27 climate advisory bodies (MWGs) have been created in 27 districts out of 30 districts in the study zone; about 6800 users have been trained directly and indirectly to effectively use CIS and about 8500 people are receiving CIS via SMS, voice messaging and emails. The opportunities for CIS uptake as well as the challenges that may impede the long-term sustainability of CIS upscaling in the country are highlighted. Recommendations that will improve and sustain the governance system of CIS in Senegal and the rest of West Africa include the involvement of private sectors in the chain of production, delivery and training, and the inciting of producers to largely subscribe to the weather-based index insurance.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : West & Central Africa
CRP: CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Senegal; West Africa; climate risk management; adaptation; communication channels; capacity building; climate information services; insurance; mobile phones; climate change, climate information; weather information
Subjects: Others > Climate Risk
Others > Information Technology
Others > Climate Change
Others > African Agriculture
Others > ICT
Others > West Africa
Others > Digital Agriculture
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2018 09:02
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2018 10:26
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10693
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/cli6010013
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: The authors acknowledge the USAID funding support to the CINSERE project in Senegal and we are thankful to the Feed the Future Activities, namely, Naatal Mbay, Yaajeende, COMFISH and ERA for their kind collaboration and the data and information sharing. USAID/CINSERE project is implemented by the CGIAR Research Program on Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security (CCAFS), a strategic partnership of CGIAR and Future Earth, led by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) and carried out with support from CGIAR Fund Donors and through bilateral funding agreements (For details please visit https://ccafs.cgiar.org/donors). We would like to express our deepest gratitude to the technicians of ANACIM who carried out the trainings on the ground.
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