Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Wheat-Chickpea Double Cropping on the Vertisol of Takusa, North Western Ethiopia

Jemberu, T and Fikre, A and Abeje, Y and Tebabal, B and Worku, Y and Jorgi, T (2018) Agronomic and Economic Evaluation of Wheat-Chickpea Double Cropping on the Vertisol of Takusa, North Western Ethiopia. Ethiopian Journal of Crop Science, 6 (2). pp. 67-78. ISSN 2072-8506

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Abstract

Takusa district in north Gondar zone has a high potential for double cropping per one growing season. Farmers in the area, however, do not practice double cropping so far, a reflection of lack of research outputs that addressed its feasibility. The objective of this study was, therefore, formulated around the need to evaluate the technical and economic feasibility of double cropping in the area using wheat-chickpea. Experiments were established at Takusa district during the 2015 main cropping season. The trials were laid down in factorial arrangement of randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. Three bread wheat varieties (Senkegna, Tay and Dinknesh) and two chickpea varieties (Habru and Natoli) were used. The combined data showed that, wheat variety Dinknesh took the shortest days to mature (81 days) compared to Senkegna and Tay (97 days each) varieties. The highest thousand seed weight and grain yield was observed on variety Denknesh and has significance difference at P<0.05 with the other two varieties. Sole planting of Natoli (2926 kg/ha) and Habru (2103kg/ha) chickpea varieties gave relatively higher yield when compared with their respective double cropping combination. The Marginal rate of return (MRR) result showed that double cropping Natoli chickpea variety with Denekinesh wheat variety had 104% MRR. The land equivalent ration demonstrated double cropping rewards to a maximum of 1.99, implying the yield and benefit maximization per unit area per season. The highest grain yield in the double cropping system was obtained with Dinknesh wheat variety (2709kg/ha) double cropped with Natoli chickpea variety (2562 Kg/ha) and this combination could be recommended for similar agroecologies.

Item Type: Article
Divisions: Research Program : East & Southern Africa
CRP: UNSPECIFIED
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chickpea, Double cropping, Wheat, Double Cropping, Vertisol, Ethiopia
Subjects: Others > Cropping and Farming Systems
Mandate crops > Chickpea
Others > Wheat
Others > Ethiopia
Depositing User: Mr Ramesh K
Date Deposited: 07 May 2018 09:09
Last Modified: 07 May 2018 09:09
URI: http://oar.icrisat.org/id/eprint/10636
Official URL:
Projects: UNSPECIFIED
Funders: UNSPECIFIED
Acknowledgement: This research received the full financial and logistical support of ICRISAT and Gondar Agricultural Research Center. Mr Amare Tsehay was highly involved in executing the experiment in the field where sticking in water logging and muddy soil conditions was common experience.
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